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TiO2 Nanotube arrays: Influence of tube length on the photocatalytic degradation of Paraquat

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44779 46353 2016 6 PDF Available
Title
TiO2 Nanotube arrays: Influence of tube length on the photocatalytic degradation of Paraquat
Abstract

•Catalytic elimination of environmental pollutants (Organic compounds).•Scientific aspects of photocatalytic processes and basic understanding of photocatalysts as applied to environmental problems.•Basic understanding of catalysts used in environmental pollution abatement.•All aspects of preparation, characterization of environmental catalysts.

Highly ordered TiO2 nanotubes have attracted a lot of attention for the photocatalytic removal of organic pollutants. A few studies demonstrated that the tube morphology plays a key role on the photocatalytic activity. However, no studies have been performed to explain the optimal photocatalytic activity observed for a precise tube length. Here we studied how the morphology of the tubes evolves during anodic growth and we evaluated the corresponding photocatalytic activity. In our conditions, the optimal activity was found for 7 μm long tubes. The SEM study reveals that short tubes have a small pore opening thus hindering pollutant diffusion into the tubes. On the other hand, tubes longer than 7 μm have thinner walls due to etching by the fluoride ions. Consequently the volume of TiO2 decreases strongly in the upper part of the tubes as the tube length increase and light should travel a longer pathway before absorption and production of electron-hole pairs. Hence the organic species have to diffuse further and the photocatalytic activity decreases.

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Keywords
Photocatalysis; TiO2 nanotubes; Pollutant
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 194, 5 October 2016, Pages 1–6
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us