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Photocatalytic mechanism of metoprolol oxidation by photocatalysts TiO2 and TiO2 doped with 5% B: Primary active species and intermediates

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44792 46353 2016 12 PDF Available
Title
Photocatalytic mechanism of metoprolol oxidation by photocatalysts TiO2 and TiO2 doped with 5% B: Primary active species and intermediates
Abstract

•Study of different scavengers effect on MET degradation with TiO2 and TiO2/5% B.•Photogenerated species (O2−, h+ and HO) were detected in MET photodegradation.•The dissolved oxygen proves to be necessary to increase the degradation rates.•Intermediates (with scavengers) allow the analysis of MET degradation mechanism.

In photocatalysis, controversy still exists over as whether oxidation proceeds via primary oxidants, such as HO radicals, positive holes, electrons, O2− radicals in the photodegradation process. The contribution of the main active species to the photocatalytic degradation of metoprolol (MET) using a solar simulator with Xenon lamp as irradiation source was examined by using different specific scavengers (formic acid, tert-butyl alcohol, ρ-benzoquinone and oxygen). According to this, we also compared the effect on the generation of active species, in the MET degradation, of two types of TiO2 catalyst having different physical and chemical properties: pure TiO2 and TiO2 doped with 5% B (w/w), both synthesized by sol-gel method. The scavenger study indicates that HO radicals are the dominant reactive species, contributing around 80% and to a lesser extent by the contribution of O2− radicals and holes in systems using TiO2 doped with 5% B (w/w). However, when pure TiO2 was used as catalyst, experiments carried out in ρ-benzoquinone demonstrate that O2− radicals did not participate in the degradation mechanism of MET. Oxygen seems to play an important role during the observed degradation of MET. Additionally, the relation between the intermediates formed during the photocatalytic degradation with TiO2 doped 5% B (w/w) as catalyst, with addition of specific scavengers, was investigated and distinct degradation pathways have been proposed for each active species involved. By-products studies in the presence of scavengers were used as a diagnostic tool for the analysis of the photocatalytic mechanism and it was possible to prove that there is change in the reactions of the degradation process of MET when change the role of any active species generated on the surface of the catalyst.

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Keywords
TiO2 and TiO2/5% B(w/w) photocatalytic process; Metoprolol; Scavengers; Mechanism
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Photocatalytic mechanism of metoprolol oxidation by photocatalysts TiO2 and TiO2 doped with 5% B: Primary active species and intermediates
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 194, 5 October 2016, Pages 111–122
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us