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Enhanced methane decomposition over nickel–carbon–B2O3 core–shell catalysts derived from carbon dioxide

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44829 46367 2016 15 PDF Available
Title
Enhanced methane decomposition over nickel–carbon–B2O3 core–shell catalysts derived from carbon dioxide
Abstract

•Nickel–carbon–B2O3 catalysts (Ni@C-B2O3) synthesized from 1 bar CO2.•Ni@C-B2O3 was highly active for CH4 decomposition.•Amorphous core–shell structure facilitates the generation of high-purity H2 and hollow carbon nanoonions (CNOs).•Spent Ni@C-B2O3 was regenerated by CO2 with the production of high-purity CO.•Stable catalytic activity over the repeated decomposition and regeneration cycles.

Nickel–carbon–B2O3 nanocomposites (Ni@C-B2O3s) were synthesized from a single-step reaction of CO2 with NaBH4 at 1 bar and investigated as catalysts for methane decomposition. These catalysts exhibited an unprecedented activity for producing hydrogen and graphitic carbon nanoonions (CNOs) without any generation of carbon oxides (COx), despite of the absence of a catalyst reduction step by hydrogen. Around 90% of methane conversion with 61 mmol min−1 gNi−1 was achieved using 13 wt% nickel-containing Ni@C-B2O3 (13Ni@C-B2O3) at 850 °C under 46.15 LCH4h−1gNi−1LCH4h−1gNi−1. The uncompromising activity of the catalyst comes from the two major contributions: the absence of nickel oxide eliminates the formation of carbon oxides and the amorphous core–shell structure of Ni@C-B2O3s facilitates nano-sized nickel cores to escape the CNOs and directly decompose methane. This was verified by various microscopic and spectroscopic investigations. The generated CNOs on 13Ni@C-B2O3 were partially oxidized by CO2 as a mild oxidant with the production of CO. The catalytic activity of 13Ni@C-B2O3 was maintained for 15 cycles, providing a potential of enabling the cyclic process of CH4 decomposition/CO2 regeneration. By synthesizing Ni@C-B2O3s from CO2 and using them to the cyclic operation, not only was CO2 converted to the valuable catalyst, but hydrogen, CNOs, and CO were also produced from the greenhouse gases of methane and CO2.

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Keywords
Nickel–carbon–B2O3 core–shell catalysts; Catalytic methane decomposition (CMD); Hydrogen production; Carbon nanoonions; Carbon dioxide regeneration
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Enhanced methane decomposition over nickel–carbon–B2O3 core–shell catalysts derived from carbon dioxide
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 186, 5 June 2016, Pages 41–55
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us