fulltext.study @t Gmail

Detoxification of waters contaminated with phenol, formaldehyde and phenol–formaldehyde mixtures using a combination of biological treatments and advanced oxidation techniques

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44856 46375 2015 11 PDF Available
Title
Detoxification of waters contaminated with phenol, formaldehyde and phenol–formaldehyde mixtures using a combination of biological treatments and advanced oxidation techniques
Abstract

•TiO2-photocatalysis and wetlands can treat low concentrations of pollutants.•Fenton reaction achieved high degradation but low mineralization.•The BAF achieved strong mineralization.•The combination of Fenton and BAF is proposed as the most suitable treatment.

The detoxification process of waters contaminated with phenol, formaldehyde and phenol–formaldehyde mixtures was studied using advanced oxidation treatments (heterogeneous photocatalysis and Fenton), biological techniques (aerated biological and wetland reactors) and combinations of the two. It is shown that photocatalysis was efficient in the detoxification of concentrations below 50 mg L−1 of those compounds. Sample toxicity increased at higher concentrations due to the generated intermediates. Phenol–formaldehyde mixtures were impossible to detoxify by heterogeneous photocatalysis at any of the studied concentrations. Treatments using the Fenton reaction were able to degrade concentrations above 1000 mg L−1, though the use of a reagent such as peroxide makes it a costly technique. The efficiency of the biological aerated filter (BAF) mainly depended on initial concentration and toxicity, with removal rates of 3.08 and 0.26 g L−1 d−1 obtained for phenol and formaldehyde, respectively. Taking into account the results obtained for the treatment of complex phenol–formaldehyde mixtures, the best combination of techniques for the treatment of concentrations found in the industrial wastewater studied in this paper was the Fenton + BAF technique which was able to detoxify phenol–formaldehyde concentrations (1:1) of 1000 mg L−1.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Phenol; Formaldehyde; Biological treatment; Advanced oxidation process; Combination
First Page Preview
Detoxification of waters contaminated with phenol, formaldehyde and phenol–formaldehyde mixtures using a combination of biological treatments and advanced oxidation techniques
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 163, February 2015, Pages 63–73
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us