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Combined experimental and computational study of CO oxidation promoted by Nb in manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieves

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44889 46375 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
Combined experimental and computational study of CO oxidation promoted by Nb in manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieves
Abstract

•Nb-K-OMS-2 materials were synthesized using a simple and a low cost reflux method.•Enhanced catalytic activity of K-OMS-2 was achieved by Nb doping.•Substitution of Mn by Nb in the K-OMS-2 framework was studied by DFT calculations.•Nb-K-OMS-2 provided favorable sites for stronger CO adsorption.

Framework-substituted Mn oxide octahedral molecular sieves with different Nb concentrations (2–20 mol% Nb-K-OMS-2) were synthesized via a single-step reflux method allowing for direct incorporation of the dopant into the mixed-valent Mn structure. Their specific surface areas ranged from 75 to 199 m2 g−1 with modified composition, size, morphology, porosity, thermal stability, and redox properties depending on the extent of substitution. Catalytic testing showed that the Nb-K-OMS-2 materials were active for CO oxidation and that the presence of Nb significantly enhanced the activity of pure K-OMS-2. For example, the conversions of 1% CO at 100 °C using 0%, 2%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% Nb-K-OMS-2 were 4%, 10%, 25%, 62%, 59%, and 41%, respectively. When the O2 concentrations increased from 1% to 10% at 120 °C, the activities of 10% and 15% Nb-K-OMS-2 materials were improved by as much as 61% and 69%, respectively. These catalysts were also stable and less prone to deactivation by moisture (∼3% H2O) at temperatures >100 °C than pure K-OMS-2. Theoretical calculations revealed that the substitution of Mn by Nb was a thermodynamically-favorable process and produced electrophilic centers, which can provide favorable sites for strong CO adsorption on the Nb-K-OMS-2 surface. The interaction of CO at these sites exhibited the beneficial effect of Nb substitution in the K-OMS-2 materials.

Graphical abstractNiobium ions substituted into the framework of K-OMS-2 nanomaterials through a simple reflux method improved their catalytic activity for CO oxidation.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Octahedral molecular sieves; Niobium substitution; CO oxidation; DFT calculations; Fukui function f+
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Combined experimental and computational study of CO oxidation promoted by Nb in manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieves
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 163, February 2015, Pages 361–369
Authors
, , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us