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Effective photocatalytic H2O2 production under visible light irradiation at g-C3N4 modulated by carbon vacancies

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44923 46380 2016 10 PDF Available
Title
Effective photocatalytic H2O2 production under visible light irradiation at g-C3N4 modulated by carbon vacancies
Abstract

•Carbon vacancies have been successfully formed on the surface of g-C3N4.•Photocatalytic H2O2 production at g-C3N4 could be improved by as much as 14 times in the absence of organic scavenger through a carbon vacancy-based strategy.•Carbon vacancy could narrow the band gap of g-C3N4 to enhance its visible light absorption.•The presence of carbon vacancies changed the H2O2 generation pathway from a two-step single-electron indirect reduction to a one-step two-electron direct reduction.

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is of great significance in biological and environmental processes as well as in chemical industry. Even though anthraquinone autoxidation (AO) process has been the major artificial way to produce H2O2, its energy cost and non-green nature have been motivating people to develop more efficient, economic and green technologies as alternatives. Here we demonstrated that photocatalytic H2O2 production at g-C3N4 could be improved by as much as 14 times in the absence of organic scavenger through a carbon vacancy-based strategy. Both the experimental and theoretical calculation results indicated that the creation of carbon vacancies could reduce the symmetry of g-C3N4 and produce the effect of electron delocalization. This will allow g-C3N4 to possess more excitable electrons and a narrower band gap. On the other hand, carbon vacancies provided more sites to adsorb molecular oxygen and thereby help electrons transfer from g-C3N4 to the surface adsorbed O2. More interestingly, the presence of carbon vacancies changed the H2O2 generation pathway from a two-step single-electron indirect reduction to an one-step two-electron direct reduction. This study could not only develop a novel strategy to improve the H2O2 production activity of semiconductors, but also shed light on the deep understanding of the role played by surface defect structure on photocatalytic activity of semiconductor photocatalysts.

Graphical abstractWe demonstrated that photocatalytic H2O2 production on g-C3N4 could be improved by as much as 14 times in the absence of organic scavenger through a carbon vacancy-based strategy. The presence of carbon vacancies changed the H2O2 generation pathway from a two-step single-electron indirect reduction to an one-step two-electron direct reduction.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Photocatalysis; Hydrogen peroxide; Carbon vacancy; g-C3N4; Oxygen reduction
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Effective photocatalytic H2O2 production under visible light irradiation at g-C3N4 modulated by carbon vacancies
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 190, 5 August 2016, Pages 26–35
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us