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Photocatalytic ozonation: Maximization of the reaction rate and control of undesired by-products

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44941 46386 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Photocatalytic ozonation: Maximization of the reaction rate and control of undesired by-products
Abstract

•The coupling of ozonation and photocatalysis greatly improves the rate of oxidation.•The highest synergy is obtained at relatively slow rate of photocatalysis.•Photocatalysis effectively controls the formation of noxious bromate ions.•The presence of organic compounds and the pH affect the reduction of bromate.•Use oxygen in substitution of air to avoid the formation of nitrates and bromine.

In the so-called photocatalytic ozonation (PO) synergistic effects between photocatalysis and ozonation enhance the rate of oxidation of organic compounds, therefore this integrated process is very promising for use in water treatment. In the present work, it is demonstrated that the improvement that can be obtained by the integrated process in comparison with the uncoupled processes depends on the relative weight between photocatalysis and ozonation. In this respect, it has been found that a relatively low rate of photocatalysis (0.3 times the rate of ozonation) is sufficient to get the highest synergy and to maximize the performances in the oxidation of formate, the adopted model organic compound. The benefits of the coupling of photocatalysis to ozonation are not limited to the increase of the oxidation rate, but include also the control of the ozonation by-product of main concern (bromate). The effect of the pH, of the presence of oxidizable organic compounds, of the presence of nitrogen on the formation or on the reduction of bromate are experimentally studied and discussed. The obtained results have relevance for the practical applications of PO, since on these bases it is possible to identify proper operating conditions.

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Keywords
Photocatalysis; Photocatalytic ozonation; Ozone; Bromate; Process intensification
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 178, November 2015, Pages 37–43
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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