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Inactivation of MS2 coliphage in sewage by solar photocatalysis using metal-doped TiO2

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44943 46386 2015 11 PDF Available
Title
Inactivation of MS2 coliphage in sewage by solar photocatalysis using metal-doped TiO2
Abstract

•Mn and Co enhance solar/TiO2 activity for MS2 phage inactivation.•Catalysts with the binary dopant exhibit the best photocatalytic activity.•Dopants concentrations affect activity up to a certain value.•MS2 inactivation may be achieved under natural sunlight in longer treatment periods.•Doped titania induces inactivation in the visible region of solar spectrum.

The beneficial properties of metal-doped titania nanoparticles with respect to wastewater disinfection under solar irradiation were investigated. Mn-, Co- and binary Mn/Co-doped TiO2 catalysts were prepared by means of a co-precipitation method and were subsequently assessed in terms of their potential to inactivate MS2 bacteriophage in slurry reactor under simulated and natural solar irradiation. Disinfection effectiveness was evaluated in relation to influential operating parameters, like catalyst type (Mn-, Co- and Mn/Co), dopant concentration (0.02–1 mol wt%), artificial and natural solar light, wavelength (i.e. >420 nm) and photon flux (4.93–5.8 × 10−7 E/(L s)). Metal doping led to considerable narrowing of the band gap and the spectral response of the catalysts extended well into the visible region. MS2 phage was readily inactivated in sewage samples under simulated solar irradiation in the presence of the prepared metal-doped catalysts. The latter proved to be superior to the commercial P25, under the current experimental conditions, resulting in an approximately 60% phage population decrease in almost 60 min of simulated solar irradiation when initial MS2 concentration was 105 PFU/mL. Catalysts with the binary dopant exhibited the best photocatalytic activity in all cases, as almost 99% of MS2 population was eliminated in less than 20 min of irradiation highlighting the fact that composite dopants induce a synergistic effect. The effect of different dopants concentration was apparent up to a certain limit. Disinfection follows a pseudo-first order kinetic rate. Retardation of the process by a factor 1.6–3.8 was recorded under natural solar light, based on the kinetic rate constants of inactivation curves which were within the range of 0.032–0.057 min−1. The corresponding range for inactivation under simulated solar irradiation was 0.053–0.221 min−1. Moreover, testing the Mn-, Co-, and binary Mn/Co doped TiO2 in the absence of UV light, they were considerably sensitized making clear that they can be activated in the visible part of the spectrum.

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Keywords
Sewage disinfection; MS2 bacteriophages; TiO2; Metal doping; Solar photocatalysis
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Inactivation of MS2 coliphage in sewage by solar photocatalysis using metal-doped TiO2
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 178, November 2015, Pages 54–64
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us