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Mixed-phase nanocrystalline TiO2 photocatalysts produced by flame spray pyrolysis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44963 46386 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Mixed-phase nanocrystalline TiO2 photocatalysts produced by flame spray pyrolysis
Abstract

•Nanostructured TiO2 powders are produced by flame spray pyrolysis (FSP).•Different anatase/rutile/brookite mixing are obtained varying the FSP parameters.•TiO2 structural, morphological and optical properties are related to FSP conditions.•Photoactivity of as-synthesized TiO2 in formic acid oxidation exceeds that of P25.

Titanium dioxide nanostructured powders with different structural properties and improved photocatalytic performance were synthesized by flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) under systematically varied FSP operation conditions, starting from organic solutions containing titanium(IV) isopropoxide (TTIP) as Ti precursor. The primary particle size, crystalline phase, specific surface area, porosity and morphology of the so obtained photocatalyst powders were investigated by means of Raman spectroscopy, XRD, BET, SEM and UV–vis absorption analysis. An increase of the molar ratio between the dispersion oxygen gas and the TTIP fed into the flame was demonstrated to lead to TiO2 materials with decreased primary particles size, from ca. 21 to 7 nm, with a higher brookite content and an increased BET surface area, from ca. 70 up to 250 m2 g−1. The photocatalytic activity of the as-synthesized TiO2 powders was investigated employing formic acid decomposition in aqueous suspension as test reaction. With the TiO2 powders synthesized with high O2/TTIP flux molar ratio a formic acid photomineralization rate was attained significantly overcoming that obtained with commercial P25 TiO2.

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Keywords
Titanium dioxide; Flame spray pyrolysis; Nanoparticles; Photocatalytic degradation; Formic acid
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 178, November 2015, Pages 226–232
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us