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Photocatalytic activity of nitrogen doped TiO2 nanotubes prepared by anodic oxidation: The effect of applied voltage, anodization time and amount of nitrogen dopant

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
44973 46390 2016 12 PDF Available
Title
Photocatalytic activity of nitrogen doped TiO2 nanotubes prepared by anodic oxidation: The effect of applied voltage, anodization time and amount of nitrogen dopant
Abstract

•An electrochemical method was employed to obtain nitrogen doped TiO2 nanotubes.•Excessive amount of nitrogen (>0.34 at.%) dopant decreases photocatalytic activity.•Smaller crystallites of TiO2-xNx and more surface OH groups promote photoactivity.•The increase of carbon surface contaminants cause photocatalytic activity decrease.•3.5 mm nanotubes containing 0.34 at.% of nitrogen possess highest photoactivity.

Nitrogen doped TiO2 nanotube arrays were prepared by anodizing Ti foils in an organic electrolyte containing specified amounts of urea as nitrogen precursor. The photocatalytic activity of the samples was evaluated by analyzing the degradation kinetics of phenol in water. The influence of tubes’ length, tubes’ surface morphology and amount of nitrogen in the TiO2 lattice on hydroxyl radical formation efficiency, photocatalytic activity and stability in four cycles was investigated. It was found that the photocatalytic activity as well as the charge carrier recombination rate depends on nitrogen concentration and the process parameters. 3.5 μm-long nanotubes containing 0.34 at.% of nitrogen seems to be favorable in phenol degradation and OH radicals generation under visible light. Comparison of XPS and photocatalytic activity test results shows decrease in phenol degradation efficiency with increasing amount of carbon contaminants on photocatalysts’ surface.

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Keywords
TiO2 nanotubes; Nitrogen doping; Heterogeneous photocatalysis; Electrochemical oxidation
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Photocatalytic activity of nitrogen doped TiO2 nanotubes prepared by anodic oxidation: The effect of applied voltage, anodization time and amount of nitrogen dopant
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 196, 5 November 2016, Pages 77–88
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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