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Photo-Fenton oxidation of phenol with magnetite as iron source

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45044 46395 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Photo-Fenton oxidation of phenol with magnetite as iron source
Abstract

•Significant photo-Fenton reactivity of magnetite as shown by phenol degradation.•Photoinduced reduction of FeIII to FeII plays a key role in magnetite reactivity.•Phenol degradation rate increases with increasing irradiation time.•The rate increase is due to Fe dissolution and to formation of intermediates.•Structural features of magnetite (FeII content) count more than particle size.

In this work, magnetite-catalyzed Fenton reaction was investigated under UVA irradiation for the degradation of phenol as model compound. Four kinds of magnetite were used having different particle size, surface area and FeII content. Different kinetic behaviors were observed, thereby underscoring the strong implications of surface and chemical properties of magnetite. The size and surface area of the particles seemed to be less important, while the FeII/FeIII ratio played some role. Despite the link between magnetite reactivity and its structural FeII content, light-induced reduction of FeIII to FeII was found necessary to promote the Fenton-based reactions. As surface FeII may be oxidized or otherwise unavailable, initial photoactivation may be needed to trigger the Fenton reactivity. Two major driving forces were highlighted that account for the photoactivity of magnetite at pH 3: (i) the formation of intermediates such as hydroquinone that are able to reduce FeIII to FeII, and (ii) the accumulation of dissolved Fe due to magnetite dissolution, both in dark and under irradiation. Very interestingly, the photo-Fenton degradation of phenol was also observed under neutral conditions. In this case, for two out of four samples, the degradation rates were quite near those found at pH 3, which is usually reported as the optimum pH value of the process. The magnetite ability to promote photo-Fenton reactions even under circumneutral pH conditions, the limited iron leaching and its easy magnetic separation makes magnetite a promising catalyst in wastewater treatment applications.

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Keywords
Photo-Fenton; Magnetite; Advanced oxidations process; Heterogeneous photo-Fenton oxidation
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Photo-Fenton oxidation of phenol with magnetite as iron source
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 154–155, July–August 2014, Pages 102–109
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us