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Catalytic methyl mercaptan coupling to ethylene in chabazite: DFT study of the first CC bond formation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45101 46396 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic methyl mercaptan coupling to ethylene in chabazite: DFT study of the first CC bond formation
Abstract

•Density Functional Theory calculations of CH3SH in chabazite were performed.•CH3SH conversion to ethylene was thermodynamically favorable.•CH3SH transformations are of higher free energy than those of CH3OH.•Trimethylsulfonium ion, TMS, was shown to be a key reactive intermediate.

Methyl mercaptan, CH3SH, is an industrial waste as well as the reactive product of several H2 and H2S induced catalytic hydrogenation processes of COS and CS2. Its coupling into value added products is of great importance in monetizing sour natural gas. In the present work, the full theoretical cycle of catalytic CH3SH coupling to form ethene was investigated by means of density functional theory (DFT) using chabazite as a model catalyst with emphasis on the first CC bond formation. Calculated thermodynamics were compared with those of analogous and well established CH3OH processes to identify the similarities and differences in the reactive pathways. With few exceptions, CH3SH catalytic transformations are of higher free energy when compared to those of CH3OH. The trimethylsulfonium ion, TMS, isostructural with that of the trimethyloxonium ion, TMO, is shown to be a key reactive intermediate and a thermodynamically stable species leading to ethene formation.

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Keywords
Methyl mercaptan; Chabazite; DFT; Ethylene
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Catalytic methyl mercaptan coupling to ethylene in chabazite: DFT study of the first CC bond formation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 187, 15 June 2016, Pages 195–203
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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