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Low-temperature active, oscillation-free PdNi(alloy)/Ni-foam catalyst with enhanced heat transfer for coalbed methane deoxygenation via catalytic combustion

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45106 46396 2016 11 PDF Available
Title
Low-temperature active, oscillation-free PdNi(alloy)/Ni-foam catalyst with enhanced heat transfer for coalbed methane deoxygenation via catalytic combustion
Abstract

•We developed a PdNi(alloy)/Ni-foam catalyst for coalbed methane deoxygenation via catalytic combustion.•The catalyst was obtained via galvanic deposition method followed by in-situ reaction-induced PdNi alloying.•The catalyst was active/selective, stable and highly resistant to oscillation.•The Ni-foam-structured design endowed catalyst with high permeability and enhanced heat transfer.•In-situ formation of PdNi alloy was essential to the activity promotion and oscillation suppression.

A high-performance PdNi(alloy)/Ni-foam catalyst to be used for coalbed methane (CBM) deoxygenation via catalytic combustion was developed with the aid of galvanic deposition of Pd nanoparticles onto the monolithic Ni-foam followed by in-situ reaction-induced Pd-Ni alloying. The investigations concerning the preparation/reaction conditions and heat/mass transfer indicated that such PdNi(alloy)/Ni-foam catalyst provided a unique combination of high low-temperature activity/selectivity, oscillation-free, high permeability and enhanced heat transfer. As an example, the catalyst with a low Pd-loading of 1 wt% could deliver a complete O2 conversion for a simulated feed of CH4/O2/N2 (40/3/57, vol%) at 350 °C with a high gas hourly space velocity of 12,000 mL gcat.−1 h−1, and particularly, this catalyst was stable for at least 500 h without deactivation and reaction oscillation. In-situ reaction-induced Pd-Ni alloying was clearly revealed and by nature was responsible for the low-temperature activity (expressed by turnover frequency) promotion and oscillation suppression. The underlying mechanism for CBM deoxygenation over the PdNi(alloy)/Ni-foam catalyst is proposed to be a Langmuir-Hinshelwood type.

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Keywords
CBM, coalbed methane; SCRs, structured catalysts and reactors; SNG, synthetic natural gas; PPI, pores per inch; CFD, computational fluid dynamics; ICP-AES, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy; SEM, scanning electron microscopy; BSE, ba
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Low-temperature active, oscillation-free PdNi(alloy)/Ni-foam catalyst with enhanced heat transfer for coalbed methane deoxygenation via catalytic combustion
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 187, 15 June 2016, Pages 238–248
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us