Thickness-ultrathin and bismuth-rich strategies for BiOBr to enhance photoreduction of CO2 into solar fuels
•Bi4O5Br2 was synthesized via a glycerol precursor route.•Bi4O5Br2 showed excellent photocatalytic reduction activities for CO2 conversion.•Thickness-ultrathin and bismuth-rich strategies results in enhanced photoactivity.
Two dimension layered BiOX (X = Cl, Br, I) semiconductor nanomaterials are very important photocatalysts. Our previous work showed that thickness-ultrathin and bismuth-rich strategies are excellent methods to improve the visible-light-driven (VLD) photocatalytic reduction activity of BiOX. In this study, thickness-ultrathin and bismuth-rich strategies were ingenuously combined to enhance the photocatalytic performance of the photocatalyst, via a glycerol precursor route, Bi4O5Br2 microsphere assembled by ultrathin nanosheets was synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), time-resolved PL spectra and UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS). The thickness of Bi4O5Br2 ultrathin nanosheets was about 3.7 nm, which was much thinner than the common BiOBr nanosheets (65 nm). Due to the thickness-ultrathin and bismuth-rich strategies, the synthesized Bi4O5Br2 sample displayed a higher photocatalytic reduction activity of CO2 conversion than BiOBr and ultrathin BiOBr under visible-light irradiation. More importantly, we found that thickness-ultrathin and bismuth-rich strategies played different roles. Thickness-ultrathin strategy only can increase the CO generation while bismuth-rich strategy only can increase the CH4 generation for photoreduction of CO2.
Graphical abstractBi4O5Br2 microsphere assembled by ultrathin nanosheets was firstly synthesized via a glycerol precursor route, and showed excellent photocatalytic reduction activities for CO2 conversion to solar fuels under visible light due to the thickness-ultrathin and bismuth-rich strategies.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 187, 15 June 2016, Pages 281–290