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Mobility of gold, copper and cerium species in Au, Cu/Ce, Zr-oxides and its impact on total oxidation of methanol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45114 46396 2016 14 PDF Available
Title
Mobility of gold, copper and cerium species in Au, Cu/Ce, Zr-oxides and its impact on total oxidation of methanol
Abstract

•The surface content of the catalysts depends on the composition and thermal treatment.•Migration of elements and its direction depend on the component type and pretreatment conditions.•TOF in methanol oxidation is three times higher on Au/CeZrOx than on Au/CeO2 activated at 423 K.•From all catalysts studied Au/CeZrOx is the best for low temperature total combustion of methanol.

CeO2, ZrO2 and mixed CeZrOx (Ce:Zr = 1:1 assumed) mesoporous oxides were synthesized and used as supports for gold (nominal 1.5 wt%) and copper (nominal 2 wt%). The materials obtained were characterized by UV–vis, XPS and TEM techniques, which allowed monitoring of the oxidation state of metals and surface properties of the catalysts, in particular the concentration of the components on the surface of the solid and in the bulk of the material. The metal-support and metal–metal (in bimetallic Cu-Au samples) interactions were considered. The aim of this work was to investigate the changes in chemical composition of catalyst surfaces and the oxidation states of metals upon the activation of the samples at different temperatures (423 and 573 K) in the argon flow and evaluation of the influence of these changes on the catalytic activity and selectivity in the low temperature oxidation of methanol. It was evidenced that the electronic state of gold and the mobility of metals towards and oxygen from the support play an important role in the low temperature total combustion of methanol. The activation temperature strongly affects the mobility of surface oxygen and the oxidation states of the cationic components playing the role of Lewis acid sites (it causes an increase in Cu+ and Ce3+ species concentration and a decrease in that of cationic gold on the surface after thermal treatment), and therefore strongly affects the activity and selectivity in the oxidation of methanol. The catalysts effective in low temperature total combustion of methanol are proposed.

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Keywords
Gold–copper–ceria–zirconia; XPS; UV–vis; Methanol oxidation
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Mobility of gold, copper and cerium species in Au, Cu/Ce, Zr-oxides and its impact on total oxidation of methanol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 187, 15 June 2016, Pages 328–341
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
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