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Promotion of oxygen reduction and water oxidation at Pt-based electrocatalysts by titanium carbonitride

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45132 46401 2016 8 PDF Available
Title
Promotion of oxygen reduction and water oxidation at Pt-based electrocatalysts by titanium carbonitride
Abstract

•Using TiCN electrocatalyst support for oxygen electrode in acidic media.•Pt3M (M: Ru, Ir, Ta) nanoparticles supported on TiCN were prepared by polyol method.•Activity highly dependent on the second metal.•Pt3Ru/TiCN performs the highest activity toward the oxygen reduction reaction and oxygen evolution reaction.•Titanium carbonitride support stabilizes the active phase and delays ruthenium dissolution.

The oxygen electrode plays a crucial role in performance and lifetime of water electrolyzers and regenerative fuel cells due to its slow electrochemical processes under rigorously oxidizing or reducing environments. Herein, we report the use of titanium carbonitride as an efficient and stable support in acidic media. Pt3M (M = Ru, Ir, Ta) nanoparticles supported on titanium carbonitride were synthesized by the ethylene glycol method and characterized by transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. The electrochemical activity toward oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER), as well as the stability of the catalysts, was tested employing a rotating ring-disk electrode. The activity of the three catalysts is similar for the ORR. However, for the OER, Pt3Ru/TiCN appears to be the best catalyst by far. Pt3Ru/TiCN was also compared with a commercial RuO2 catalyst, obtaining a better performance for the supported catalyst even though the low amount of Ru/RuO2 present in the supported sample. The high activity and stability of the Pt3Ru/TiCN catalyst for the ORR and OER is due to an interesting promotion effect of the titanium carbonitride support, so that this electrocatalyst has a great potential for the application in unitized regenerative fuel cells.

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Keywords
Titanium carbonitride; Oxygen reduction reaction; Oxygen evolution reaction; Bifunctional electrocatalyst; Platinum
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Promotion of oxygen reduction and water oxidation at Pt-based electrocatalysts by titanium carbonitride
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 183, April 2016, Pages 53–60
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us