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Visible light photocatalytic activity for hydrogen production from water–methanol mixtures of open-framework V-doped mixed-valence titanium phosphate

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45144 46401 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Visible light photocatalytic activity for hydrogen production from water–methanol mixtures of open-framework V-doped mixed-valence titanium phosphate
Abstract

•Mixed Ti3+/Ti4+ phosphates behave as semiconductors and visible-light photocatalysts.•Mixed Ti3+/Ti4+ phosphates can be easily doped in the synthesis by other metals.•Mixed Ti3+/Ti4+ phosphates generate 50 μmol H2 per h per g upon visible light irradiation.•No platinum co-catalyst is required.

Titanium dioxide is the most widely used photocatalyst for hydrogen production from water. Its main limitation consists in the lack of photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation. One strategy to overcome this problem consists in using as photocatalyst Ti3+-self-doped TiO2 that presents an absorption in the visible range. In this context, we report the synthesis, characterization as semiconductor and photocatalytic activity under visible light or solar light irradiation of open-framework V-doped, mixed-valence titanium phosphate. These materials are characterized by an intense absorption spanning all the visible wavelength range caused by the presence of Ti3+ centers in equimolar ratio respect Ti4+. This long wavelength absorption band allows the photocatalytic production of hydrogen under visible light irradiation. Suitable V-doping provides an additional charge separation level in the intra band-gap space that results in an enhancement of initial hydrogen production rate of a factor 5, reaching values of 47 μmol/H2 h−1gTi−1, in the absence of any noble metal as co-catalyst. Transient electron absorption spectroscopy has allowed to detect the state of charge separation in this phosphate that behave differently upon excitation in the UV or in the visible regions and whose intensity increases upon V-doping, reaching a maximum response at 0.5 wt.% in V. The flat band potential of the conduction band, measured by photocurrent as a function of the bias voltage, was estimated to be −0.10 V vs. NHE and the charge carrier density determined by impedance spectroscopy was 2 × 1020 carriers/cm3.

Graphical abstractMixed valence framework titanium phosphate behaves as semiconductor and generates hydrogen from water–methanol mixtures upon irradiation with visible light.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Water splitting; Hydrogen production; Framework phosphate; Visible light photocatalytic activity; Mixed valence Ti3+/Ti4+ titanium phosphate
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Visible light photocatalytic activity for hydrogen production from water–methanol mixtures of open-framework V-doped mixed-valence titanium phosphate
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 183, April 2016, Pages 159–167
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us