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Direct electrochemical oxidation of ethanol on SOFCs: Improved carbon tolerance of Ni anode by alloying

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45168 46401 2016 8 PDF Available
Title
Direct electrochemical oxidation of ethanol on SOFCs: Improved carbon tolerance of Ni anode by alloying
Abstract

•Solid oxide fuel cells were operated directly on hydrogen and ethanol fuels.•Carbon deposition was monitored both physically and electrochemically.•Carbon deposition is decreased on fuel cells with 1% Sn/Ni alloy anodes.•Severity of the C deposition is affected by the local C to O ratio in the fuel cell.

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are electrochemical devices that convert chemical energy in fuels into electrical energy through an electrochemical oxidation process. This technology is attractive since SOFCs can in principle utilize a range of combustible fuels including hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbons offering higher efficiencies than conventional electricity generators with limited emission of a number of common air pollutants such as NOx and SOx. The environmental efficiency of SOFC devices can further be improved by utilizing fuels that are more carbon-neutral (e.g., biofuels such as ethanol) than conventional fossil fuels. One of the problems with employing oxygenated liquid biofuels is that conventional Ni anode electro-catalysts deactivate due to carbon deposition on the surface of the anode during the process of electocatalytic fuel oxidation. We show that the stability of Ni SOFC anode electrocatalysts during electrochemical oxidation of ethanol is significantly improved when a small amount of Sn is introduced in the electrocatalyst design. The improvement in the stability is manifested in a more stable operation and higher kinetic currents of Sn/Ni compared to Ni electrodes under identical conditions with ethanol fuel. We discuss the underlying molecular mechanisms responsible for the enhanced stability of the anodes and propose a number of guiding principles for the design of carbon-tolerant anodes for oxidation of oxygenated hydrocarbons.

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Keywords
Solid oxide fuel cell; Ethanol; Tin; Ni/YSZ; Carbon deposition
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Direct electrochemical oxidation of ethanol on SOFCs: Improved carbon tolerance of Ni anode by alloying
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 183, April 2016, Pages 386–393
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us