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Fe-substituted 10Al2O3·2B2O3 as a multifunctional support for automotive Pd catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45182 46405 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Fe-substituted 10Al2O3·2B2O3 as a multifunctional support for automotive Pd catalysts
Abstract

•Fe-substituted aluminum oxide borate (Fe-10A2B) is thermally stable Pd support.•Fe-10A2B improves the catalytic NO conversion over Pd in a rich region (A/F < 14.6).•Fe-10A2B promotes CO–H2O and NO–H2 reactions over Pd.•Fe-10A2B shows efficient buffering effects on A/F fluctuation of autoexhaust.

Partial substitution of various transition metals for Al in 10Al2O3·2B2O3 (Al20B4O36, 10A2B) was studied to use as a thermostable support for Pd catalysts. Fe-substitution afforded the formation of solid solutions in the range of x ≤ 1.5 in FexAl20−xB4O36 (Fe-10A2B) without impurities. The DFT calculations confirmed that Fe-substitution was most likely to occur on the 5-coordinated Al site and predicted a shorter Fe–O distances of 1.84–2.05 Å compared to 1.94 and 2.12 Å in Fe2O3, in accordance with Fe-K edge EXAFS results. Fe-substitution improved the catalytic NO conversion in a rich region (A/F < 14.6), because CO–H2O and subsequent NO–H2 reactions were accelerated. The redox between Fe3+ and Fe2+ in Fe-10A2B generated the oxygen storage capacity (OSC), which yielded an efficient buffering effect on air-to-fuel (A/F) fluctuation in a simulated exhaust gas stream with lean/rich perturbation. These results suggest that Fe-10A2B is expected to be used as a multifunctional support material for Pd catalysts in automotive three-way catalysts.

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Keywords
Aluminum oxide borate; Three-way catalyst; Palladium; Oxygen storage
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 146, March 2014, Pages 50–56
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us