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Largely Cu-doped LaCo1−xCuxO3 perovskites for TWC: Toward new PGM-free catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45224 46407 2016 12 PDF Available
Title
Largely Cu-doped LaCo1−xCuxO3 perovskites for TWC: Toward new PGM-free catalysts
Abstract

•Largely Cu doped lanthanum cobaltates are obtained in pure crystalline form.•The LaCo1−xCuxO3 catalysts are tested for automotive application.•A reactive mixture simulating automotive exhausts is used for the catalytic tests.•The reaction mechanisms for CO oxidation and NO reduction is studied and discussed.•LaCo1−xCuxO3 reactivity can be modulate by doping: interesting activity is observed.

Doping of LaCoO3 with copper to add reduction functionality in addition to the known oxidation properties has been investigated, aiming at three-way catalysis (TWC) applications. Nanoscale perovskites with nominal composition LaCo1−xCuxO3, (x = 0, 0.1, 0.3, and 0.5) have been synthesized by means of the citrate method. A stable perovskitic phase with rhombohedral geometry up to an unprecedented x = 0.5 has been obtained and characterized by BET, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Temperature Programmed Reduction (TPR), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The crystallite size decreases with increasing the copper amount and also the morphology differs; moreover the surface reactivity with respect to atmospheric moisture and carbon dioxide is more evident in the sample with x = 0.5. Reactivity has been measured in simple NO + CO and CO + O2 model reactions, as well as with complex mixtures approaching automotive exhaust composition, at both stoichiometric and O2 limiting conditions. The catalysts have been characterized after reaction as well. The perovskite with the highest Cu amount, LaCo0.5Cu0.5O3, exhibits an interesting compromise of oxidation and NO reduction functionality at interesting, low temperatures with very short contact time (GHSV = 1,000,000 h−1). Still, activity for NO reduction in real mixtures requires substoichiometric O2.

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Keywords
Perovskite; NOx reduction; Three-way catalysts; Carbon monoxide; Automotive; Exhaust gas
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Largely Cu-doped LaCo1−xCuxO3 perovskites for TWC: Toward new PGM-free catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 180, January 2016, Pages 94–105
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us