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Influence of molar ratio and calcination temperature on the properties of TixSn1 − xO2 supporting copper oxide for CO oxidation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45263 46407 2016 12 PDF Available
Title
Influence of molar ratio and calcination temperature on the properties of TixSn1 − xO2 supporting copper oxide for CO oxidation
Abstract

•Influence of molar ratio and calcination temperatures on CuO/TixSn1 − xO2 catalysts.•These are a lot of Cu+ ions and oxygen vacancies exist on CuO/TixSn1 − xO2 catalysts.•The reduce is beneficial to the formation of more surface Cu+ and oxygen vacancies.•CO species can adsorb to form Cu+ (CO)2 and O2− is form on the oxygen vacancy.•The resistance to H2O is related to BET area and the H2O adsorption on the catalyst.

TixSn1 − xO2 mixed oxides were synthesized by the coprecipitation method. CuO/TixSn1 − xO2 catalysts were then prepared by wetness impregnation of the mixed oxides with Cu(NO3)2. These catalysts were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), laser Raman spectroscopy (LRS), H2-temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), O2-temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and in situ Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) techniques. The activities of the catalysts during CO oxidation were evaluated. The following observations were made: (1) CuO species can be highly dispersed on the TixSn1 − xO2 supports, such that several surface Cu+ ions and oxygen vacancies are formed. (2) Among the prepared catalysts, the 5CuO/Ti0.75Sn0.25O2-600 °C catalyst exhibits the highest reducing property, which arises from the difference in electronegativity between Ti and Sn. (3) The CO species can adsorb on Cu+ and O2 on the oxygen vacancy, which forms O2− species. The in situ FT-IR results show that the Cu+–(CO)2 species and O2− adsorbed on the catalyst play a key role in CO oxidation. (4) The resistance of the catalysts to H2O is related to the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area and the H2O adsorption on the catalyst surface. Furthermore, a possible reaction mechanism is tentatively proposed to understand this reaction.

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Keywords
Copper oxide; TiO2–SnO2 mixed oxide; In situ IR; CO oxidation; Reaction mechanism
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Influence of molar ratio and calcination temperature on the properties of TixSn1 − xO2 supporting copper oxide for CO oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 180, January 2016, Pages 451–462
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us