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Enhanced photocatalytic performance over Bi4Ti3O12 nanosheets with controllable size and exposed {0 0 1} facets for Rhodamine B degradation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45290 46407 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Enhanced photocatalytic performance over Bi4Ti3O12 nanosheets with controllable size and exposed {0 0 1} facets for Rhodamine B degradation
Abstract

•Bi4Ti3O12 nanosheet is prepared via sol–gel hydrothermal process.•Single-crystal Bi4Ti3O12 nanosheets with exposed {0 0 1} facets are reached.•Bi4Ti3O12 nanosheets are rectangular and size-controllable.•The nanosheets are highly active for RhB degradation under solar irradiation.•The nanosheets are highly reusable for RhB degradation under solar irradiation.

Single-crystalline Bi4Ti3O12 nanosheets with rectangular shape and exposed {0 0 1} facets were successfully synthesized via a sol–gel hydrothermal process for the first time. Their average side lengths were around 100 and 150 nm, respectively, and thickness ∼20 nm. As a result, the Bi4Ti3O12 nanosheets reached as high as 79.2% of photodegradation efficiency of Rhodamine B (6 ppm of initial contentration) under 90 min of sunlight irradiation, which was ∼3 times that of conventionally calcined Bi4Ti3O12. The synthesized nanosheet catalyst also exhibited high reusability for the photodegradation reaction due to the chemical stability of its single crystalline structure. Moreover, photodegradation efficiency of the Bi4Ti3O12 nanosheets increased as decreasing Rhodamine B concentrations in the range of 6–20 ppm or pH values in the range of 3.1–11.2. Addition of 0.1 M SO42− to reaction solution increased almost 6% of photodegradation efficiency of Bi4Ti3O12 nanosheets under 90 min of illumination. These results demonstrate the superiority of the novel synthetsis technique for preparing bismuth titanate photocatalyst. The much-enhanced photocatalytic performance of Bi4Ti3O12 nanosheets is attributed to their increased active surface sites, efficient separation and transfer of photogenerated charge carriers and greatly suppressed recombination rate of e−/h+ pairs, arising from their large specific surface area, small particle size, single crystallinity, and specific exposed facets.

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Keywords
Bi4Ti3O12 nanosheets; Rhodamine B degradation; Photocatalysis; Sunlight irradiation; Sol–gel hydrothermal process
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Enhanced photocatalytic performance over Bi4Ti3O12 nanosheets with controllable size and exposed {0 0 1} facets for Rhodamine B degradation
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 180, January 2016, Pages 698–706
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis