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Carbon supported Pd-based bimetallic and trimetallic catalyst for formic acid electrochemical oxidation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45297 46407 2016 8 PDF Available
Title
Carbon supported Pd-based bimetallic and trimetallic catalyst for formic acid electrochemical oxidation
Abstract

•PdCu/C, PdNi/C, and PdNiCu/C alloys are synthesized with fcc crystal structure.•d-band center of Pd-based alloys shift away from the Fermi level compared to Pd/C.•A volcano relationship is obtained between FA oxidation activity and d-band center.•PdNiCu/C alloy shows the best activity with the d-band center of 2.64 ± 0.10 eV.•PdCu/C and PdNiCu/C shows the best stability toward formic acid oxidation.

The electronic structure and electrochemical performance of carbon supported Pd-based bi- and trimetallic nanoparticles are investigated. Pd/C, PdNi/C, PdCu/C, and PdNiCu/C alloys with face centered cubic crystal structure are synthesized by the one-step salt reduction method. The activities for these alloys toward the formic acid electrochemical oxidation measured by cyclic voltammetry (CV) display significant current density increase compared to that of Pd/C. An improvement in activity by a factor of 2 and 4 is measured when the data is normalized by electrochemical surface area (ECSA) and by Pd mass, respectively. A downward shift of the averaged d-band center relative to the Fermi level is observed for Pd-based alloys compared to Pd/C by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements. The relationship between activity and the average d-band center displays a volcano shape for these alloys. Among the samples that we prepared for this study, PdNiCu/C alloy shows the best activity with the d-band center of 2.64 ± 0.10 eV. From CO stripping measurements the PdCu/C and PdNiCu/C alloys show less CO adsorption than Pd/C with PdCu/C showing the best stability toward the formic acid electrochemical oxidation.

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Keywords
Pd-based bimetallic and trimetallic alloys; XPS; d-Band center; XRD; Formic acid electrochemical oxidation
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Carbon supported Pd-based bimetallic and trimetallic catalyst for formic acid electrochemical oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 180, January 2016, Pages 758–765
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us