fulltext.study @t Gmail

Comparative study of imazalil degradation in three systems: UV/TiO2, UV/K2S2O8 and UV/TiO2/K2S2O8

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45362 46410 2014 6 PDF Available
Title
Comparative study of imazalil degradation in three systems: UV/TiO2, UV/K2S2O8 and UV/TiO2/K2S2O8
Abstract

•The degradation of imazalil was compared in UV/TiO2, UV/TiO2/K2S2O8 and UV/K2S2O8 for different pH.•The use of tert-butanol (OH scavenger) allows finding the dominant radicals in each system.•Photoproducts formed by electron transfer are major in systems with persulfate.•Mineralization is faster in systems with persulfate.

The degradation of imazalil was achieved in three different advanced oxidation processes, namely UV/TiO2, UV/K2S2O8 and UV/TiO2/K2S2O8. The most relevant findings showed that for the UV/TiO2 system, the best efficiency was obtained at alkaline pH for which the rate of degradation is governed by imazalil adsorption onto TiO2, while for the UV/TiO2/K2S2O8 system, the best efficiency was obtained at acidic pH for which the rate of degradation is governed by persulfate adsorption onto TiO2 surface. In this last case, sulfate adsorption can reduce e−/h+ recombination while sulfate radicals are generated. Concerning the UV/K2S2O8 system, it was shown that pH does not play an important role in the degradation and persulfate concentration is the main factor governing the rate of degradation.Experiments with tert-butanol were achieved at different pH and the results showed that at pH = 6.5 and with a ratio [K2S2O8]/[imazalil] = 100, hydroxyl radicals were responsible for 67.6% of the degradation in the UV/TiO2 system, 3.1% in the UV/K2S2O8 system, meaning that the degradation should be mainly attributed to sulfate radicals and 33.2% in the UV/TiO2/K2S2O8 system meaning that both OH and SO4− were involved in the degradation.Coming to the comparison of photoproducts by using LC/MS/MS (pH = 6.5), the conclusion is that hydroxylated products were more produced in the UV/TiO2 system while a mechanism involving a charge transfer would be responsible of the degradation with persulfate systems. TOC analysis shows that total mineralization was reached faster in systems containing persulfate.

Graphical abstractComparison of rate constant (k) for the three systems of degradation at different pH values (3, 6.5, 10) and different concentrations of persulfate ([persulfate]/[imazalil] = 100 and 500).Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Imazalil; Alcohol; UV/K2S2O8; UV/TiO2/K2S2O8; Sulfate radicals
First Page Preview
Comparative study of imazalil degradation in three systems: UV/TiO2, UV/K2S2O8 and UV/TiO2/K2S2O8
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 144, January 2014, Pages 286–291
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us