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Zinc glycerolate as a novel heterogeneous catalyst for the synthesis of fatty acid methyl esters

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45365 46410 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Zinc glycerolate as a novel heterogeneous catalyst for the synthesis of fatty acid methyl esters
Abstract

•Transesterification of soybean oil (SO) with methanol.•Zinc glycerolate was used as heterogeneous catalyst at 100–140 °C.•Food-grade oil, acid oil and water-content oil were used.•Zinc glycerolate was active: 84–99.5% SO conversion with 48–94% FAME yield.•Zinc glycerolate was stable (constant activity in 5 consecutive tests).

In this work, zinc glycerolate (ZnGly) is studied as a new catalyst for an environmentally friendly production of biodiesel. The solid was prepared by a simple procedure, characterized and studied in the transesterification of soybean oil with methanol.ZnGly was able to convert soybean oil into fatty acid methyl esters with 66–76% yield and up to 95–97% triglyceride (TG) conversion in the 100–140 °C reaction temperature range studied. The catalyst showed a long life and could be reused for five catalytic cycles without deactivation or selectivity loss.The catalyst exhibited good tolerance toward 0.5 wt.% water, without important changes in the TG conversion, but with a 23% decrease in FAME yield.In the presence of 10 wt.% fatty acids, ZnGly showed an almost complete TG conversion with an increase in FAME yield of 51% (93% FAME selectivity at 50 min reaction time). At 140 °C and in acid oil, ZnGly can be easily transformed into Zn carboxylate and partially re-generated in the presence of glycerol.

Graphical abstractTransformation cycle of the catalyst in different reaction medium.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Zinc glycerolate; Transesterification; Biodiesel; Soybean oil; Heterogeneous catalyst
First Page Preview
Zinc glycerolate as a novel heterogeneous catalyst for the synthesis of fatty acid methyl esters
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 144, January 2014, Pages 308–316
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis