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K3PO4-catalyzed carboxylation of amines to 1,3-disubstituted ureas: A mechanistic consideration

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45366 46410 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
K3PO4-catalyzed carboxylation of amines to 1,3-disubstituted ureas: A mechanistic consideration
Abstract

•Synthesis of 1,3-disubstituted ureas by the carboxylation of amines with CO2.•K3PO4 as benign catalyst for the carboxylation of amines.•Mechanistic and computational investigations on the reactive species.•K3PO4 was transformed into KH2PO4 and KHCO3 in the presence of CO2 and water.

K3PO4 was found to effectively catalyze the carboxylation of amines by CO2, producing corresponding 1,3-disubstituted ureas in high yields and selectivities. X-ray diffraction and FT-IR spectroscopic analysis of the solid mixture, recovered from the carboxylation of n-butylamine, revealed that K3PO4 was completely transformed into KH2PO4 and KHCO3. Mechanistic and computational studies suggested that the high activity of K3PO4 could be attributed to the synergy effect exerted by the co-presence of KHCO3 and KH2PO4, generated from the interaction of K3PO4 with CO2 and water.

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Keywords
Substituted ureas; Carboxylation; K3PO4; Carbon dioxide; Amines
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K3PO4-catalyzed carboxylation of amines to 1,3-disubstituted ureas: A mechanistic consideration
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 144, January 2014, Pages 317–324
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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