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Enhanced nitrogen photofixation on Fe-doped TiO2 with highly exposed (1 0 1) facets in the presence of ethanol as scavenger

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45383 46410 2014 10 PDF Available
Title
Enhanced nitrogen photofixation on Fe-doped TiO2 with highly exposed (1 0 1) facets in the presence of ethanol as scavenger
Abstract

•Fe-doped anatase TiO2 was synthesized by two-step hydrothermal method.•Quantum yield of ammonia photogenerated is 3.84 times higher than pristine TiO2.•Photogenerated radical species like O2− and OH were detected.•Quantum yields depend on the partial pressure of nitrogen in the reaction.•Possible nitrogen photofixation mechanism based on electron transfer was proposed.

To enhance nitrogen photofixation more effectively, Fe-doped TiO2 nanoparticles with highly exposed (1 0 1) facets were prepared successfully by two-step hydrothermal method. The quantum yield of nitrogen photofixation in the presence of ethanol as scavenger can be significantly enhanced to 18.27 × 10−2 m−2 which is 3.84 times higher than pristine TiO2. The electrochemical properties of the photocatalyst reveal that the improvement of photocatalytic activity can be attributed to the enhancement of charge carrier's concentration and photocurrent density by the optimal doping of Fe3+. The electron spin-resonance spectroscopy demonstrates the generation of active radicals such as O2− and OH in the nitrogen photofixation. The quantum yields of nitrogen photofixation depend on the partial pressure of nitrogen in the reaction. A systematic experimental investigation companying with periodic density functional theory calculation into the intermediates reveals the intrinsic electron transfer pathways and the mechanism of nitrogen photofixation. The entire reduction process of 1 mol N2 to 2 mol NH3 with consumption of 6 mol electrons on TiO2 is similar to the traditional biological nitrogen fixation process. The proposed electron transfer mechanism may be useful to other applications, which use semiconductor materials as photocatalysts.

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Keywords
Electron transfer; Photocatalytic reduction; Titanate nanotube; Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy; Density functional theory
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Enhanced nitrogen photofixation on Fe-doped TiO2 with highly exposed (1 0 1) facets in the presence of ethanol as scavenger
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 144, January 2014, Pages 468–477
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us