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Morphologic effects of nano CeO2–TiO2 on the performance of Au/CeO2–TiO2 catalysts in low-temperature CO oxidation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45386 46410 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Morphologic effects of nano CeO2–TiO2 on the performance of Au/CeO2–TiO2 catalysts in low-temperature CO oxidation
Abstract

•CeO2–TiO2 nanorods and nanoparticles are synthesized by different methods.•CeO2–TiO2 nanorods are dominated by (1 1 0) and (1 0 0) facets, while nanoparticles by (1 1 1) planes.•The catalytic activity of Au/CeO2–TiO2 is strongly related to the morphology of CeO2–TiO2.•CeO2–TiO2 nanorods as support endue Au/CeO2–TiO2 with higher activity in CO oxidation.•Au dispersion, O2 migration, and redox ability are enhanced in Au/CeO2–TiO2 nanorods.

CeO2–TiO2 composite nanorods and nanoparticles were synthesized by hydrothermal and co-precipitation methods, respectively; with the CeO2–TiO2 composite of different morphologies as supports, Au/CeO2–TiO2 catalysts were prepared by the colloidal deposition method and used in CO oxidation at ambient temperature. N2 sorption, XRD, HRTEM, H2-TPR, XPS and XAS characterizations were used to clarify the relationship between the morphologic properties of CeO2–TiO2 and the catalytic performance of Au/CeO2–TiO2. HRTEM results show that Au/CeO2–TiO2 nanorods are dominated by CeO2 nanocrystals with (1 1 0) and (1 0 0) facets, while the Au/CeO2–TiO2 nanoparticles mainly expose (1 1 1) planes. XPS and XAS results reveal that both Au/CeO2–TiO2 nanorods and Au/CeO2–TiO2 nanoparticles are similar in the state of gold species. H2-TPR results indicate that the presence of Au strongly promotes the reduction of CeO2 in the Au/CeO2–TiO2 nanorods. The catalytic activity of Au/CeO2–TiO2 in CO oxidation is strongly related to the morphology of CeO2–TiO2; the CeO2–TiO2 nanorods as support endow the Au/CeO2–TiO2 catalyst with much higher activity than the CeO2–TiO2 nanoparticles. The (1 1 0) and (1 0 0) facets of CeO2 dominated in the Au/CeO2–TiO2 nanorods are able to promote the oxygen migration and gold dispersion, which may then evidently enhance the redox capacity and catalytic activity of the Au/CeO2–TiO2 nanorods in CO oxidation at low temperature.

Graphical abstractThe activity of Au/CeO2–TiO2 catalysts in CO oxidation is strongly related to the morphology of CeO2–TiO2; CeO2–TiO2 nanorods as support endow Au/CeO2–TiO2 nanorods with much higher activity than the CeO2–TiO2 nanoparticles to Au/CeO2–TiO2 nanoparticles.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Morphology; Ceria; Titania; Gold; CO oxidation
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Morphologic effects of nano CeO2–TiO2 on the performance of Au/CeO2–TiO2 catalysts in low-temperature CO oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 144, January 2014, Pages 498–506
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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