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Methane abatement under stoichiometric conditions on perovskite-supported palladium catalysts prepared by flame spray synthesis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45402 46410 2014 13 PDF Available
Title
Methane abatement under stoichiometric conditions on perovskite-supported palladium catalysts prepared by flame spray synthesis
Abstract

•Flame-made perovskite-type nanoparticles with high thermal resistance.•FSS produces highly dispersed supported Pd nano-particles.•PdO/Pd nanoparticles on the support enable three-way catalytic activity.•Y–Fe–Pd-based perovskite catalysts as potential TWC for CH4 abatement.•Activity improvement due to formation of metallic Pd particles (ca. 20 nm).

Three-way catalysts (TWC) are the key technology to reduce emissions of pollutants from stoichiometric engines. Perovskite-type catalysts of general formula ABO3±δ (A = La, Y; B = Mn, Fe) containing 2 wt% Pd were produced by flame spray synthesis (FSS) using metal nitrate precursors. The structural properties of the catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area determination (BET) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Crystalline metal oxide nano-particles of 20 nm average size were accompanied by minority La2O3 and Y2O3 phases. The state of Pd in the catalysts was characterized using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES) and CO adsorption by infrared spectroscopy. Metallic Pd coexisted with Pd in oxidation state +2 and higher on all fresh samples. TEM confirmed the presence of dispersed Pd particles 2–5 nm in diameter. Therefore, under the chosen synthesis conditions, FSS provides supported palladium nano-particles rather than a solid solution. PdO was the dominant Pd species after calcination at 700 °C. The TWC activity was tested in a simulated stoichiometric gas mixture comprising CH4, CO, NOx and O2. PdO in combination with YFeO3±δ exhibited the lowest temperature for CH4 oxidation (T50 = 450 °C), which was ca. 100 °C lower than that of the sample obtained by the conventional wet-chemical method. After cycling under reaction conditions up to 850 °C, a large improvement of catalytic activity for CH4 oxidation was observed which associated with the formation of metallic Pd particles (ca. 20 nm) and the hexagonal → orthorhombic phase transition of YFeO3±δ.

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Keywords
Perovskite-type oxides; Palladium; Flame spray synthesis (FSS); Methane oxidation; Stoichiometric conditions
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Methane abatement under stoichiometric conditions on perovskite-supported palladium catalysts prepared by flame spray synthesis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 144, January 2014, Pages 631–643
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us