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Activated zirconium carbide promoted Pt/C electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45416 46410 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Activated zirconium carbide promoted Pt/C electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction
Abstract

•Synthesis of porous activated ZrC by Na2CO3 activation method.•Enhancement of surface area of ZrC by Na2CO3 activation.•ZrC-C composite prepared by intermittent microwave heating method.•ORR activity of Pt/activated-ZrC-C electrode is higher than Pt/C electrode.

The activated porous zirconium carbide (ZrC) is prepared by sodium carbonate activation of commercial ZrC. As a result of sodium carbonate activation, there is a tremendous increase in the surface area (from 0.6 to 96 m2 g−1) and chemisorption capability of commercial ZrC. This ZrC is incorporated into Vulcan carbon XC-72R by solid-state reaction using intermittent microwave heating (IMH) method, and Pt nanoparticles were dispersed by microwave-assisted polyol process. The electrocatalyst samples were characterized by PXRD, BET, SEM, TEM, XPS and their performance for oxygen reduction reaction was studied in 0.1 mol L−1 HClO4 aqueous electrolyte by cyclic voltammetry and rotating ring disk electrode. The XRD, XPS and TEM results indicate well dispersed ZrC and Pt nanoparticles over Vulcan carbon XC-72R. When the activated ZrC combined with platinum, the resulting composite electrocatalyst showed higher activity for oxygen reduction which exceeds that of the commercial Pt/C catalyst of similar metal loading. Our approach shows that sodium carbonate activation is an effective method for the activation of metal carbides, which is essential for tuning the microstructural properties of electrocatalyst support.

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Keywords
Activated ZrC; Sodium carbonate activation; Oxygen reduction; Microwave method
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Activated zirconium carbide promoted Pt/C electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 144, January 2014, Pages 767–774
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us