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Gas-phase hydrodechlorination of mixtures of chloromethanes with activated carbon-supported platinum catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45485 46412 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Gas-phase hydrodechlorination of mixtures of chloromethanes with activated carbon-supported platinum catalysts
Abstract

•Pt/C catalysts are effective in the HDC of mixtures of DCM and TCM.•TOF values increase with the Pt content and the proportion of zero-valent species.•Almost complete dechlorinationis achieved with the 2% Pt/C catalyst.•Higher performance is obtained at 250 ºC, 1 kg h mol 1 and a H2/CM (molar) ≥25.•The selectivity to reaction products suggests a parallel reactions scheme.

Platinum catalysts supported on activated carbon (Pt/C) at different metal loadings (0.5–2% Pt) have been tested in the gas-phase hydrodechlorination (HDC) of mixtures of dichloromethane (DCM) and chloroform (TCM), with a total feed concentration of 1000 ppmv. Almost complete dechlorination was achieved at 250 °C, 1 kg h mol−1 space time and a H2/CM molar ratio of 25 with the 2% Pt catalyst. At a reaction temperature of 250 °C, scarce inhibition in the conversion of both compounds was observed compared to the HDC of the individual chloromethanes. The TOF values for DCM increase with the Pt content, which can be attributed to the higher proportion of the zero-valent species. The selectivity to reaction products suggests a parallel reactions scheme. The catalysts showed a high stability, demonstrated by the unchanged conversion of both chloromethanes upon time on stream in long-term experiments carried out at up to 26 h.

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Keywords
Hydrodechlorination; Dichloromethane; Chloroform; Mixtures; Pt/C
First Page Preview
Gas-phase hydrodechlorination of mixtures of chloromethanes with activated carbon-supported platinum catalysts
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 179, December 2015, Pages 551–557
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis