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Ceria-based electrolytes prepared by solution combustion synthesis: The role of fuel on the materials properties

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45493 46413 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Ceria-based electrolytes prepared by solution combustion synthesis: The role of fuel on the materials properties
Abstract

•Ce0.8Sm0.2O2 − x powders were successfully prepared by solution combustion synthesis.•The combustion fuel affects texture, morphology and reduction properties of powders.•The pellets microstructure is influenced by the oxygen vacancies of the powders.•The combustion fuel plays a key role in the grain boundary and total conductivities.

Ce0.8Sm0.2O2 − x powders were synthesized by solution combustion synthesis using citric acid, cellulose and sucrose as single, or intimately mixed, fuels. The powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, N2 sorption at −196 °C, H2-temperature programmed reduction and thermogravimetric analyses. Textural properties of the powders were shaped by the peculiar employed fuel. The study of reducibility revealed that oxygen vacancies formation is mainly influenced by both parameters, specific surface area and total pore volume. The different tendency toward reduction played a key role in sintering under reducing atmosphere (4% H2/Ar), and Ce0.8Sm0.2O2 − x prepared with sucrose showed, at scanning electron microscopy images, the highest average grain size. Impedance spectroscopy experiments in air disclosed different grain boundary resistances on the basis of synthesis fuel employed and, in particular, Ce0.8Sm0.2O2 − x prepared with sucrose exhibited the best electrical performance. Solution combustion synthesis thereby was able to tailor the morphological and reduction properties of Ce0.8Sm0.2O2 − x powders affecting even the microstructure of sintered pellet.

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Keywords
Samarium doped ceria; IT-SOFC; Solution combustion synthesis; Sintering in reducing atmosphere; Reducibility
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 197, 15 November 2016, Pages 14–22
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us