fulltext.study @t Gmail

Catalytic diesel particulate filters with highly dispersed ceria: Effect of the soot-catalyst contact on the regeneration performance

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45503 46413 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic diesel particulate filters with highly dispersed ceria: Effect of the soot-catalyst contact on the regeneration performance
Abstract

•DPFs with nano-metric CeO2 highly dispersed inside the walls and different amounts of soot.•At high CeO2/soot ratio, soot and ceria in close contact inside the DPF macro-pores.•At low CeO2/soot ratio, poor contact between soot cake layer and catalytic wall of the DPF.•Improved regeneration performance with increasing CeO2/soot ratio.•Importance of avoiding segregation between cake layer and catalytic wall of the DPF.

In this work, the effect of the soot-catalyst contact on the regeneration performance of a diesel particulate filter (DPF) wash-coated with nano-metric ceria particles was investigated. The catalyst load was suitably chosen to avoid major changes in pore size distribution of the original filter. Different amounts of soot were loaded into the filter, thus varying the catalyst/soot ratio. Filter samples were characterized by N2 physisorption at 77 K, Hg intrusion porosimetry and SEM/EDX analysis. Regeneration tests were performed in a lab-scale plant by temperature programmed combustion of soot.At the lowest soot load explored (corresponding to catalyst/soot ratio ∼100 w/w), the soot particles deeply penetrate into the macro-pores of the filter walls coming in close touch with highly dispersed ceria. At the highest soot load explored (catalyst/soot ratio ∼20 w/w), in addition to the soot particles trapped inside the macro-pores, a thick soot cake layer accumulates on top of the catalytic walls of the filter. The former condition results in a large fraction of soot burned via catalytic path (around 80%—almost purely catalytic regeneration mode) and, thus, in good regeneration performance (e.g., temperature at which 10% of the initial soot is converted, T10%, equal to around 350 °C). Conversely, due to the poor cake-catalyst contact, the latter condition results in a large fraction of soot burned via thermal path (around 80%—catalyst-assisted thermal regeneration mode) and, thus, in much worse regeneration performance (e.g., T10% ∼475 °C).This study highlights the importance of strategies that avoid or minimize the segregation between the cake layer and the catalytic wall of the filter to operate catalyst-coated DPFs in an effective manner.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Catalytic diesel particulate filters; Soot; Catalyst dispersion; Soot-catalyst contact; Ceria
First Page Preview
Catalytic diesel particulate filters with highly dispersed ceria: Effect of the soot-catalyst contact on the regeneration performance
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 197, 15 November 2016, Pages 116–124
Authors
, , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us