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Elucidating the interaction between Ni and CeOx in ethanol steam reforming catalysts: A perspective of recent studies over model and powder systems

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45509 46413 2016 14 PDF Available
Title
Elucidating the interaction between Ni and CeOx in ethanol steam reforming catalysts: A perspective of recent studies over model and powder systems
Abstract

•Ni-CeOx is a highly efficient and non-expensive catalysts for ethanol steam reforming.•Ceria enhances the catalytic activity of Ni through metal-support interactions.•Ceria plays an essential role in the dissociation of water and prevention of coke formation.•The dissociation of the CC bond in ethanol likely occurs on Ni or at the Ni-CeOx interface.

Bulk metallic nickel is a poor catalyst for the reforming of oxygenates being deactivated by the deposition of coke. In contrast, Ni-ceria is an active system for the catalytic extraction of H2 from the ethanol steam reforming reaction (ESR, C2H5OH + 3H2O ↔ 2CO2 + 6H2). Numerous studies, with model (well-defined crystal surfaces) and technical (high surface area powders) catalysts, have been devoted to understand the fundamental role of each catalyst component, the performance of adjacent sites in the metal-oxide interface, and the complex mechanistic steps that convert two oxygenated reactants (ethanol and H2O) into H2. The size and low loading of Ni on ceria facilitate metal-oxide support interactions that probably enhance the reactivity of the system. To establish the precise role of both Ni and Ce is challenging. However it is clear that both Ni and Ce are associated with the dissociation of H2O (OH + H), while ceria readily adsorbs and partially dissociates ethanol (i.e. ethoxy formation). The most difficult step of CC bond dissociation likely occurs only on Ni or at the Ni-Ce interface. H2O and OH remain as important agents for the prevention of excess C build up during the CH/CC dissociation process. Often, deactivation upon C build up, is a direct result of Ni sintering and decoupling of the Ni-Ce interactions. One strategy to maintain good activity and stability is to protect the Ni-Ce interaction, and this can be achieved through the use of solid solutions (Ce1−xNixO2−y) or by employing stabilizing agents such as W (NixWyCezO2). In this article, we present and discuss the most recent work for the ESR reaction and show the important role of ceria which participates directly in the reaction and also enhances catalytic activity through metal-support interactions.

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Keywords
Ceria; Nickel; Ethanol steam reforming; Hydrogen generation; Water
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Elucidating the interaction between Ni and CeOx in ethanol steam reforming catalysts: A perspective of recent studies over model and powder systems
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 197, 15 November 2016, Pages 184–197
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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