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Catalytic wet air oxidation of succinic acid over Ru and Pt catalysts supported on CexZr1 − xO2 mixed oxides

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45527 46416 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic wet air oxidation of succinic acid over Ru and Pt catalysts supported on CexZr1 − xO2 mixed oxides
Abstract

•CexZr1 − xO2-supported catalysts were highly active in the CWAO of succinic acid.•Cerium content and redox properties had a major impact on the catalytic performances.•Catalysts were shown to be partly stable upon recycling reactions.•Deactivation was related to changes in the active phase surface oxidation state.•Mixed oxide supports offer an extra pathway for oxygen activation on the catalyst.

Different CexZr1 − xO2 mixed oxides, prepared by co-precipitation and CexZr1 − xO2-supported platinum and ruthenium catalysts, synthesised by impregnation, were investigated in the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of succinic acid at 190°C under 50 bar total pressure. The catalytic activity of these solids was demonstrated to be strongly influenced by the Ce content in the CexZr1 − xO2 support. The higher the Ce content in the mixed oxide support, the higher the succinic acid removal rate. The ruthenium catalysts exhibited the best performances in terms of succinic conversion at a given time of reaction; but, when the activity was expressed per mole of metal, the platinum catalysts were observed to perform better (435 molacid h−1 molPt−1). Upon recycling reactions, the Ce0.9Zr0.1O2 support and the 0.5 wt% Ru/Ce0.9Zr0.1O2 catalyst maintained some good performances even though the conversion of succinic acid gradually decreased. It was demonstrated that the leaching of the metallic phase, the formation of carbonaceous deposits on the catalyst surface and the decrease of the specific surface area did not play a major role in the deactivation, which was more likely related to modifications of the chemical state of the active phase. Finally, the reaction was shown to be +0.1 order with respect to succinic acid and +0.4 order with respect to oxygen, indicating some major changes in the reaction kinetics and mechanism of the reaction over such catalysts containing ceria.

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Keywords
Catalytic wet air oxidation; CexZr1 − xO2; Noble metals; Succinic acid; Kinetics
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Catalytic wet air oxidation of succinic acid over Ru and Pt catalysts supported on CexZr1 − xO2 mixed oxides
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 165, April 2015, Pages 1–9
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us