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Electrochemical growth of platinum nanostructures for enhanced ethanol oxidation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45548 46416 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Electrochemical growth of platinum nanostructures for enhanced ethanol oxidation
Abstract

•A square wave potential activates platinum toward ethanol oxidation in basic electrolytes.•The square wave frequency plays a major role in the definition of the catalytic activity.•Activity enhancement is ascribed to both morphology and surface structure evolution.•The square wave potential treatment results in an inhibition of CC cleavage.

The catalytic activation of polycrystalline platinum toward ethanol electro-oxidation in alkaline environment has been obtained by a square wave potential treatment.A detailed analysis that explores the effect of the period of the square wave on the evolution of the catalytic properties of the Pt surface is reported. The catalytic behavior of the treated and untreated surfaces has been interpreted both in terms of real surface area and surface structure evolution.The most active surface has been produced with a treating period time of 120 min. Interestingly the maximum stability has been obtained with the sample produced with square wave potential with a period of 360 min with slightly lower initial performance.We have also found that the treated samples limit CC cleavage, as compared to bare Pt, offering an effective strategy to minimize the formation of CO. Via in situ FTIR we have demonstrated that the major oxidation product is acetate. These findings are especially important in view of the application of Pt as a catalyst in alkaline direct ethanol fuel cells.

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Keywords
Platinum nanostructures; Ethanol oxidation; Electrocatalysis; Biomass; In situ spectroelectrochemistry
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 165, April 2015, Pages 185–191
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
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Full-text PDF Download
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