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K-promoted NiMo catalysts supported on activated carbon for the hydrogenation reaction of CO to higher alcohols: Effect of support and active metal

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45559 46416 2015 10 PDF Available
Title
K-promoted NiMo catalysts supported on activated carbon for the hydrogenation reaction of CO to higher alcohols: Effect of support and active metal
Abstract

•CO was hydrogenated to higher alcohols over K/NiMo supported on activated carbon.•NiMo synergistic effect was essential for the activation and hydrogenation of CO.•Activated carbon support led to three-fold increase in higher alcohols selectivity.•Inverse correlation between acidity and higher alcohols selectivity was established.•CO conversion was found to exponentially increase with acidity.

This study investigates the effect of active metal and the nature and pre-treatment of the support in a series of K-promoted NiMo catalysts supported on activated carbon (AC) for the hydrogenation reaction of CO. The NiMo synergistic effect was found to be essential for the activation of CO. The use of activated carbon as support led to a three-fold increase in the selectivity toward higher alcohols, compared to the unsupported material, probably due to a reduction in the crystallinity of the active NiMoO4 phase and its partial transformation from alpha to beta form. Pre-treatment of the activated carbon prior to its use as support with HNO3 aqueous solution led to significant increase in CO conversion, related to the lower amount of ash and the much higher acidity of the acid treated sample. The use of a higher surface area acid-treated support also increases activity, with the KNiMo/AC2a catalyst exhibiting a 45% higher conversion at 280 °C compared to KNiMo/AC1a. The improvement in activity can be ascribed to better dispersion of the active phase on the higher surface area AC support and therefore higher exposure of active NiOMo sites. Overall, the KNiMo/AC2a catalyst exhibited the optimum performance, with high CO conversion (25% at 280 °C) and high production of oxygenates, with a space time yield to oxygenates of 141.5 mg/gcatalyst/h at 280 °C. A clear tendency of increasing higher alcohol production with decreasing acidity was evidenced for all K-promoted bimetallic NiMo catalysts.

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Keywords
CO hydrogenation; Higher alcohols; K-promoted NiMo catalysts; Activated carbon; Acidity
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K-promoted NiMo catalysts supported on activated carbon for the hydrogenation reaction of CO to higher alcohols: Effect of support and active metal
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 165, April 2015, Pages 296–305
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us