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Sulfate radicals induced from peroxymonosulfate by magnetic ferrospinel MFe2O4 (M = Co, Cu, Mn, and Zn) as heterogeneous catalysts in the water

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45589 46416 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Sulfate radicals induced from peroxymonosulfate by magnetic ferrospinel MFe2O4 (M = Co, Cu, Mn, and Zn) as heterogeneous catalysts in the water
Abstract

•Spinel MFe2O4 was introduced as catalysts to generate powerful radicals.•Capacity of catalytic PMS for DBP degradation was CoFe2O4 > CuFe2O4 > MnFe2O4 > ZnFe2O4.•Metal ions in A site transferred electron from surface to induce PMS.•Balance of M2+/M3+, O2−/O2, and PMS catalyzed are key factors to promote radicals.

Magnetic ferrospinel MFe2O4 (M = Co, Cu, Mn, and Zn) prepared in a sol–gel process was introduced as catalyst to generate powerful radicals from peroxymonosulfate (PMS) for refractory di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) degradation in the water. Various catalysts were described and characterized, and the catalytic activities in PMS oxidation system were investigated. Most important of all, the mechanism of different catalysts in the catalytic PMS solution was illustrated. The results showed that the incorporation of CoFe2O4 had the highest catalytic performance in PMS oxidation for DBP degradation. All catalysts presented favorable recycling and stability in the repeated batch experiment. The catalytic process showed a dependence on initial pH, and an uncharged surface of the catalyst was more profitable for sulfate radical generation. H2-TPR and CVs analysis indicated that the sequence of the catalyst's reducibility in PMS solution was CoFe2O4 > CuFe2O4 > MnFe2O4 > ZnFe2O4, which had a close connection with the activity of metal ion in A site of the catalysts. The surface hydroxyl sites played an important role in the catalytic process, and its quantity determined the degradation of DBP. Moreover, the reactive species in PMS/MFe2O4 system were identified as sulfate radical and hydroxyl radical. The promotion of these radical's reaction was due to the fact that a balance action in the process of M2+/M3+, O2−/O2, occurred, and at the same time, PMS was catalyzed.

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Keywords
Sulfate radical; Hydroxyl radical; Peroxymonosulfate; Spinel ferrite; DBP
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Sulfate radicals induced from peroxymonosulfate by magnetic ferrospinel MFe2O4 (M = Co, Cu, Mn, and Zn) as heterogeneous catalysts in the water
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 165, April 2015, Pages 572–578
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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