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N-modified TiO2 photocatalytic activity towards diphenhydramine degradation and Escherichia coli inactivation in aqueous solutions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45622 46418 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
N-modified TiO2 photocatalytic activity towards diphenhydramine degradation and Escherichia coli inactivation in aqueous solutions
Abstract

•Nitrogen modified TiO2 photocatalysts prepared by grinding P25 with urea.•Photocatalytic activity depends on nitrogen content and calcination temperature.•Nitrogen modified P25 is photocatalytically active under visible illumination.•Diphenhydramine pharmaceutical water pollutant undergoes efficient degradation.•Nitrogen modification enhances TiO2 efficiency for Escherichia coli inactivation.

Nitrogen modified TiO2 samples were prepared by grinding the benchmark TiO2 photocatalyst (P25, Evonik Degussa Corporation) with different amounts of urea and applying calcination temperatures between 340 and 420 °C. Several characterization techniques, including X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), N2 porosimetry, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), and diffuse reflectance UV–vis spectroscopy (UV-DRS), were used to obtain information about the morphology, crystalline phases of TiO2 and chemical binding of nitrogen. Nitrogen modification did not affect the crystalline phase of TiO2 as far as XRD analysis concerns; on the other hand the modified materials developed an absorption in the visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum. The material with a urea:TiO2 weight ratio of 1:2, calcined at 380 °C, exhibited the highest photocatalytic activity under visible light illumination (λ > 430 nm), towards degradation of diphenhydramine, an emerging water pollutant of pharmaceutical origin. The measured band gap energy of the material was 2.99 eV, which is in-line with observed optical absorption properties. In addition, this photocatalyst was also the most efficient for complete inactivation of Escherichia coli in aqueous solution when ultraviolet radiation (λ = 365 nm) was used. From the XPS analysis on the chemical states of this photocatalyst it is concluded that nitrogen is interstitial to the TiO2 structure.

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Keywords
Photocatalysis; Nitrogen modified TiO2; Diphenhydramine; Escherichia coli
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N-modified TiO2 photocatalytic activity towards diphenhydramine degradation and Escherichia coli inactivation in aqueous solutions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 162, January 2015, Pages 66–74
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us