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Indium-doped TiO2 nanoparticles for photocatalytic CO2 reduction with H2O vapors to CH4

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45626 46418 2015 12 PDF Available
Title
Indium-doped TiO2 nanoparticles for photocatalytic CO2 reduction with H2O vapors to CH4
Abstract

•Indium-doped TiO2 nanoparticles were developed using sol–gel single step method.•In/TiO2 catalyst was tested for photocatalytic CO2 reduction by H2O in cell reactor.•In/TiO2 markedly increased CO2 conversion with higher selectivity for hydrocarbons.•Larger CH4 yield over In/TiO2 was 244 μmole g-catal.−1 h−1, 7.9-fold higher than TiO2.•Langmuir–Hinshelwood model revealed high CO2 and H2O adsorption over In/TiO2.

Indium (In)-doped titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles were synthesized using a controlled sol–gel method. The structures and properties of the catalysts were characterized by XRD, FE-SEM, TEM, XPS, BET, UV–vis and PL spectroscopy. Indium, present over the TiO2 in metal state, inhibited crystal growth and produced anatase phase of mesoporous TiO2 nanoparticles. Doping In in TiO2 also increased the surface area and enlarged the band gap. The photocatalytic activities of In-doped TiO2 nanoparticles were considerably improved for CO2 reduction with H2O vapors in a cell type photoreactor. CO was observed as the main product over TiO2, but doping In in TiO2 remarkably increased the CH4 yield. CH4 production rate over 10 wt.% In-doped TiO 2 was 7.9-fold higher than the bare TiO2 at 100 °C and CO2/H2O ratio of 1.43. In addition, C1–3 higher hydrocarbons namely C2H4, C2H6, C3H6 and C3H8 were detected in the product mixture. The enhanced photoactivity in mesoporous In-doped TiO2 nanoparticles can be attributed to interfacial transfer of photogenerated charges, which led to effective charge separation and inhibited recombination of photogenerated electron–hole (e−/h+) pairs. Langmuir–Hinshelwood model, developed to investigate reaction rate parameters, fitted well with the experimental data.

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Keywords
Indium doped TiO2; Photocatalysis; CO2 reduction; Hydrocarbon fuels; Kinetic study
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 162, January 2015, Pages 98–109
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us