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Kinetics of ammonia consumption during the selective catalytic reduction of NOx over an iron zeolite catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45632 46418 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
Kinetics of ammonia consumption during the selective catalytic reduction of NOx over an iron zeolite catalyst
Abstract

•NH3:NOx stoichiometry during SCR reaction over iron zeolite catalyst investigated.•5 to 35% excess ammonia consumption observed.•Kinetic model including NO assisted NH3 oxidation as additional step developed.•Effect of concentrations, temperature and particle diameter precisely described.

The steady-state kinetics of the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2) with ammonia over a commercial iron zeolite catalyst were studied in the temperature range of 250 to 450 °C using an integral tubular reactor. Special attention was paid to the stoichiometric ratio of the conversion of ammonia and nitrogen oxides. For this purpose, both systematic SCR measurements at different feed gas compositions and independent studies of the catalytic oxidation of ammonia in the absence of NO and NO2 were carried out. Under all reaction conditions, a considerable deviation from the expected 1:1 stoichiometry was observed. The steady-state kinetics of the reacting system could be described by global Langmuir–Hinshelwood-type rate equations for standard SCR, fast SCR, NO/NO2 equilibrium and NH3 oxidation. For the correct calculation of the ammonia oxidation it was necessary to include two terms. A first one describing the reaction of NH3 with O2, which becomes important at temperatures above 400 °C, and a second rate equation which is not only proportional to NH3 and O2 but also to the NO concentration and which is of particular relevance at low reaction temperatures. Additional measurements with different catalyst particle sizes including industrial extrudates could be successfully described with the aid of a reactor model which took film and pore diffusion phenomena into account.

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Keywords
Nitrogen oxides; Selective catalytic reduction; Ammonia oxidation; Iron zeolite; Kinetics
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Kinetics of ammonia consumption during the selective catalytic reduction of NOx over an iron zeolite catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 162, January 2015, Pages 158–166
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us