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Formation of reactive Lewis acid sites on Fe/WO3–ZrO2 catalysts for higher temperature SCR applications

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45634 46418 2015 6 PDF Available
Title
Formation of reactive Lewis acid sites on Fe/WO3–ZrO2 catalysts for higher temperature SCR applications
Abstract

•WO3–ZrO2 stores and oxidises NH3, but does not reduce NOx.•Addition of Fe transforms WO3–ZrO2 into a high-temperature SCR catalyst.•Induction of SCR activity correlates with the appearance of new Lewis acid sites.•Formation of the reactive acid sites can be tracked by pyridine adsorption.

Tungsten–zirconia (WO3–ZrO2), which oxidises NH3 but shows no NOx-reduction activity, can be converted into an active ammonia-SCR catalyst by impregnation with Fe. The role of Fe in inducing SCR activity has been studied by relating the catalytic performance of tungsten–zirconia materials (containing 0, 0.5, 2, 3 and 10 wt% Fe) to their surface acidity, which has been probed by pyridine adsorption. The most active material, 3 wt% Fe/WO3–ZrO2, reduces NOx by 10-20% at the minimum temperature tested (150 °C), and achieves 80–85% conversion at temperatures between 400 and 550 °C. The performance can be correlated with the formation of new Fe3+ Lewis acid sites that have a pivotal role in the SCR reaction by activating NOx, and which are associated with a characteristic peak shift in the IR spectrum of adsorbed pyridine. The introduction of Fe also has the effect of increasing the strength of the Brønsted acidity, which accounts for the similarity in activity observed between the Fe/WO3–ZrO2 materials and benchmark Fe/beta-zeolite catalysts at higher temperatures.

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Keywords
Selective catalytic reduction; Nitrogen oxide; Iron; Tungsten zirconia; Acidity
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Formation of reactive Lewis acid sites on Fe/WO3–ZrO2 catalysts for higher temperature SCR applications
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 162, January 2015, Pages 174–179
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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