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Improved visible-light photocatalytic activity of NaTaO3 with perovskite-like structure via sulfur anion doping

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45702 46421 2015 8 PDF Available
Title
Improved visible-light photocatalytic activity of NaTaO3 with perovskite-like structure via sulfur anion doping
Abstract

•S2− causes slight lattice expansion of NaTaO3 unit cell.•S2− causes a lattice transition tendency of NaTaO3 from monoclinic to cubic phase.•S anion doping narrows the band gap of NaTaO3.•S-doped NaTaO3 display remarkably improved visible-light photocatalytic activity.•S-doped NaTaO3 is photo-stable and broad pH adaptable under natural solar radiation.

A novel sulfur anion-doped NaTaO3 photocatalyst with nanocubic morphology, at an average size of 200–500 nm or so, was synthesized by a simple hydrothermal process. The as-prepared samples were characterized by various techniques, such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectra (UV–vis DRS) and photocatalytic degradation evaluation. The results indicate that the as-prepared NaTaO3 is assigned to monoclinic lattice, which is much closer to cubic phase than conventional orthorhombic perovskite structure. And doping of S anions would cause, to some extent at least, expanded unit cell and distorted lattice structure from monoclinic into cubic phase, whose TaOTa band angle is much closer to 180°, resulting in the higher mobility of photo induced charge carriers. Narrowed band gap and splitting slopes are observed in S-doped NaTaO3 by UV–vis DRS, confirming the visible-light adsorption capability and the upward shifted valence band edge, which come from the overlapping of S 3p orbitals and Ta 5d orbitals. In virtue of the crystalline and electronic structures, the resultant S-doped NaTaO3 samples, as compared with pure NaTaO3, exhibit remarkably improved visible-light photocatalytic activity and similar UV-light photocatalytic activity, during the photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange. In addition, S-doped NaTaO3 also displays reliable recycling photocatalytic performance and satisfying solar catalytic activity for the organic pollutant. On the basic of above experimental phenomena, a possible mechanism for sulfur anion doping in NaTaO3 perovskite-like structure is also presented.

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Keywords
S-doped NaTaO3; Anion doping; Photocatalytic activity; Perovskite-like structure
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Improved visible-light photocatalytic activity of NaTaO3 with perovskite-like structure via sulfur anion doping
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 166–167, May 2015, Pages 104–111
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us