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Synthesis, characterization and study of lanthanum phosphates as light alcohols dehydration catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45737 46421 2015 13 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis, characterization and study of lanthanum phosphates as light alcohols dehydration catalysts
Abstract

•La orthophosphates are active and ultraselective catalysts for light alcohols dehydration.•The acid–base properties resulted in prevalence of E1-type mechanism for 1-butanol dehydration.•Active sites are attributed to surface (H2PO4)−3+n (n = 1 or 2) species from spectroscopic data.•LaPO4 preparation method influences particles shape, porosity, structure and surface composition.

Four preparation methods have been developed for the synthesis of lanthanum orthophosphate catalysts, which are shown to be active and selective catalysts for the dehydration of light alcohols (C2 to C4). Their crystallinity, surface area, surface composition and acid–base properties appear to differ according to the preparation method used. The most important parameter influencing their catalytic properties appears to be their surface composition since this has a direct influence on their surface acidity. All of the solids presented weak and moderately strong Brønsted and Lewis acid sites, and only weak basic sites in low quantities. These acid–base properties resulted in the prevalence of an E1-type mechanism for 1-butanol dehydration. Brønsted acid sites, which appear as the most efficient sites, are associated with the presence of an excess of phosphorus at their surface and from spectroscopic data this is attributed to (H2PO4)−3+n (n = 1 or 2) species from spectroscopic data. The prevalence of these species and their optimum surface distribution make them extraordinarily efficient and ultra-selective for the dehydration of several alcohols.

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Keywords
Alcohol dehydration; Acid catalysts; Lanthanum phosphates catalysts; Alkenes
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Synthesis, characterization and study of lanthanum phosphates as light alcohols dehydration catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 166–167, May 2015, Pages 432–444
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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