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Highly active Au-CeO2@ZrO2 yolk–shell nanoreactors for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45746 46421 2015 11 PDF Available
Title
Highly active Au-CeO2@ZrO2 yolk–shell nanoreactors for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol
Abstract

•Au-CeO2@ZrO2 nanoreactors show high catalytic activity in 4-nitrophenol reduction.•The decoration of gold nuclei with ceria in yolk–shell nanoreactors was proposed.•CeO2 decoration does not affect the catalytic activity in 2-nitrophenol reduction.•Decoration of Au nuclei with ceria results in an activity increase in CO oxidation.

Highly catalytically active yolk–shell Au-CeO2@ZrO2 nanoreactors (gold core encapsulated into porous zirconia shell and doped by ceria) for the 4-nitrophenol reduction to 4-aminophenol were synthesized. Au cores encapsulated into SiO2 (Au@SiO2) were decorated with ceria via injection of ceria precursor into a void space of silica shell (formed through surface-protected etching of silica by hot water) with its subsequent hydrolysis and thermal treatment (Au-CeO2@SiO2). Au-CeO2@ZrO2 nanoreactors were obtained using Au-CeO2@SiO2 as a template and replacement of SiO2 by ZrO2. The nanoreactors were characterized by STEM-EDS, in situ and ex situ UV–vis spectroscopy, and N2 thermal adsorption. The catalytic activity for decorated Au-CeO2@ZrO2 nanoreactors in the 4-nitrophenol reduction into 4-aminophenol was found to be ∼3 times higher than for non-decorated Au@ZrO2 nanoreactors. The herein proposed route of nanoreactor core decoration may be applied for the synthesis of nanoreactors with cores modified with different materials in order to make them effective for different catalytic reactions.

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Keywords
Ceria; Decoration; Gold; Nanoreactors; 4-Nitrophenol reduction
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Highly active Au-CeO2@ZrO2 yolk–shell nanoreactors for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 166–167, May 2015, Pages 518–528
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us