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A rotating disk study of the photocatalytic oxidation of p-nitrophenol on phosphorus-modified TiO2 photocatalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45747 46421 2015 6 PDF Available
Title
A rotating disk study of the photocatalytic oxidation of p-nitrophenol on phosphorus-modified TiO2 photocatalyst
Abstract

•Rotating disk test gives the kinetic parameters according to the Vargas et al. model.•p-Nitrophenol oxidation on P-TiO2/UV gives the fastest overall rate constants.•Rate limiting step for photo-oxidation is the same as for the mineralization.

After discussing the general aspects of photocatalytic oxidation of organic compounds in aqueous solutions and the application of the rotating disk theory to (photo)catalytic phenomena, we report the oxidation of p-nitrophenol (PNP) on illuminated phosphorus modified TiO2 (P-TiO2) and TiO2 photocatalysts under controlled hydrodynamic conditions. We found that the performance of the oxygen transfer reaction can be described considering mass transport in solution and surface reaction according to Langmuir–Hinshelwood kinetics. From analysis of the dependence of the reaction rate on the rotation rate, we obtained the apparent organic–photocatalyst adduct interaction constant K, the rate constant k of the surface reaction between adsorbed PNP and hydroxyl radicals, and the diffusion coefficient D of PNP in solution. The results showed that degradation of PNP using P-TiO2 and UV light was readily possible, with reaction half-lives significantly lower than those obtained using pristine TiO2 photocatalyst.

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Keywords
P-TiO2; Rotating disk theory; Transport with surface reaction; Surface reactions; Heterogeneous photocatalysis
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A rotating disk study of the photocatalytic oxidation of p-nitrophenol on phosphorus-modified TiO2 photocatalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 166–167, May 2015, Pages 529–534
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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