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Impact of sulfur oxide on NH3-SCR over Cu-SAPO-34

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45752 46421 2015 12 PDF Available
Title
Impact of sulfur oxide on NH3-SCR over Cu-SAPO-34
Abstract

•The effect of SO2 on NH3 SCR over Cu-SAPO-34 was examined.•Repeated SCR experiments after SO2 exposure showed that some activity could be recovered.•More pronounced deactivation for standard SCR compared to fast and NO2 SCR.•Heat of adsorption of SO2 is very high and is increased in the presence of oxygen.

An investigation into the impact of sulfur oxide on the activity of Cu-SAPO-34 towards selective catalytic reduction of NOx by NH3 has been conducted to clarify the possible mechanism of deactivation induced by sulfur. Several reactions including NH3 storage/TPD, NO/NH3 oxidations, standard and fast SCR, as well as SCR with an NO2/NOx ratio of 75% were performed at temperature range of 150–500 °C over the fresh Cu-SAPO-34 after it had been sulfated at 300 °C with 30 ppm SO2 in the presence of 8% O2 and 5% H2O for 90 min. The catalyst is characterized by using XRD, BET, ICP-AES, H2-TPR and micro-calorimetry. The BET surface area as well as the pore volume decreased after sulfur poisoning, hence some pores in the zeolite were blocked by sulfur. The standard SCR reaction was significantly influenced by the sulfur poisoning. The H2-TPR data showed that there is less available copper that could undergo the redox cycle for the sulfated sample compared to the fresh sample and this could be the main reason for the deactivation seen. The conversion for NOx during standard SCR showed a more pronounced decrease in activity compared to that of fast SCR and the smallest effect of the sulfur poisoning was observed for SCR with the 75% NO2/NOx. Hence, the SCR reactions in the presence of NO2 are less influenced by the sulfur on the surface and it is likely that the mechanism is different for SCR in the presence of NO2. Cu-SAPO-34 produced very small amounts of N2O and its production correlated with the amount of NO2 in the feed. From the calorimeter experiment, it was observed that the binding of SO2 is very strong on the catalyst sites, most likely the copper sites, and the heat of adsorption of SO2 was higher in the presence of O2.

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Keywords
Ammonia SCR; Cu-zeolites; SAPO-34; Deactivation; SO2.
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Impact of sulfur oxide on NH3-SCR over Cu-SAPO-34
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 166–167, May 2015, Pages 568–579
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us