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Titanium dioxide photocatalytic decomposition of ethyl-S-dimethylaminoethyl methylphosphonothiolate (VX) in aqueous phase

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45763 46422 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Titanium dioxide photocatalytic decomposition of ethyl-S-dimethylaminoethyl methylphosphonothiolate (VX) in aqueous phase
Abstract

The TiO2 photocatalytic decomposition of ethyl-S-dimethylaminoethyl methylphosphonothiolate (VX) as a real chemical warfare agent (CWA) in liquid phase has been investigated by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) analysis. The TiO2 photocatalytic decomposition rate, rVX, was accelerated with increase in alkalinity. The several kinds of by-products such as diisopropylamine, ethyl methylphosphonic acid, oxygenated VX and partially oxidized VX were observed. On the basis of the by-products, the TiO2 photocatalysis were proposed as the P–S, C–N cleavage and oxygenation of VX molecule carried out mainly. The difference between rVX and vaporized dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP), rDMMP as CWA simulant was also investigated and the rVX was 30 times faster than the rDMMP. On the basis of the decomposition mechanism of VX and DMMP molecules, the results of the acceleration of rVX in alkaline condition and of the comparison of rVX and rDMMP were also discussed.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The decomposition rate of VX in TiO2 photocatalysis in aqueous phase was accelerated with increase in alkalinity, the quantity of TiO2 and the concentration of VX. ► The decomposition mechanism of VX was mainly controlled by P–S, C–N cleavage and oxygenation. ► The decomposition rate of VX was 30 times faster than that of DMMP.

Keywords
TiO2; Photocatalysis; VX; DMMP; CWA; Decontamination
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Titanium dioxide photocatalytic decomposition of ethyl-S-dimethylaminoethyl methylphosphonothiolate (VX) in aqueous phase
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 134–135, 2 May 2013, Pages 19–25
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us