fulltext.study @t Gmail

Thorn-ball shaped TiO2 nanostructures: Influence of Sn2+ doping on the morphology and enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45781 46422 2013 11 PDF Available
Title
Thorn-ball shaped TiO2 nanostructures: Influence of Sn2+ doping on the morphology and enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity
Abstract

A novel solution based route to synthesize thorn-ball shaped Sn2+ doped TiO2 nanostructures in a large scale without the use of any reducing agents is demonstrated. White precipitates are formed instantaneously when a solution of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide with milli-molar quantities of stannous chloride dihydrate (SnCl2·2H2O) is mixed to a solution of titanium isopropoxide in hydrochloric acid. The morphology of the precipitates analyzed using scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope reveal a complex morphology with crystalline nanorods grown uniformly over the balls. When the precipitates were treated hydrothermally by suspending in ethylene glycol (EG), further reduction takes place and “Thorn-ball shaped nanostructures” with very thin and long nanorods are formed. The thorn-ball samples (ST2-HTB) showed a large surface area of ∼244 m2 g−1 and the band-gap was ∼0.3 eV narrower than that of pure TiO2, P25 (∼3.2 eV), enhancing its visible light absorption. The samples exhibited a superior efficiency in the photocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB) under visible light irradiation to P25, and the efficiency was comparable to P25 under UV irradiation despite of their polycrystalline nature. Under visible light irradiation the degradation of RhB using thorn-ball nanostructure photocatalysts was accompanied by a gradual shift in the absorption peak owing to formation of several N-de-ethylated intermediates of RhB. Photodegradation reaction mechanism of RhB under visible light irradiation, was proposed to be initiated by the valence band holes or through the conduction band electrons. The novel strategy demonstrated here for preparing thorn-ball nanostructures opens a new horizon to design complex structures of TiO2 for various applications.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Novel strategy to prepare thorn-ball shaped TiO2 nanostructures is demonstrated. ► Sn2+ doping influences both morphology and visible light photocatalytic activity. ► TiO2 thorn-ball nanostructures have a large surface area ∼244 m2 g−1. ► Photodegradation of Rhodamine B under visible light follows N-de-ethylation. ► TiO2 thorn-balls are potential candidates for other important applications.

Keywords
Thorn ball shaped nanostructures; Sn2+ doping; Titanium dioxide; Rutile; Hydrothermal; Photocatalysis; Visible light active; Photocatalyst; Rhodamine B; N de ethylation; Environmental remediation
First Page Preview
Thorn-ball shaped TiO2 nanostructures: Influence of Sn2+ doping on the morphology and enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 134–135, 2 May 2013, Pages 174–184
Authors
, ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us