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Photocatalytic oxidation of propene in gas phase at low concentration by optimized TiO2 nanoparticles

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45799 46422 2013 11 PDF Available
Title
Photocatalytic oxidation of propene in gas phase at low concentration by optimized TiO2 nanoparticles
Abstract

In the present study, nanocrystalline titanium dioxide (TiO2) was prepared by sol–gel method at low temperature from titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP) and characterized by different techniques (gas adsorption, XRD, TEM and FTIR). Variables of the synthesis, such as the hydrolyzing agent (acetic acid or isopropanol) and calcination temperatures (300–800 °C), were analyzed to get uniform size TiO2 nanoparticles. The effect that these two variables have on the structure of the resultant TiO2 nanoparticles and on their photocatalytic activity is investigated. The photocatalytic activities of TiO2 nanoparticles were evaluated for propene oxidation at low concentration (100 ppmv) under two different kinds of UV light (UV-A ∼ 365 nm and UV-C ∼ 257.7 nm) and compared with Degussa TiO2 P-25, used as reference sample. The results show that both hydrolyzing agents allow to prepare TiO2 nanoparticles and that the hydrolyzing agent influences the crystalline structure and its change with the thermal treatments. Interestingly, the prepared TiO2 nanoparticles possess anatase phase with small crystalline size, high surface area and higher photocatalytic activity for propene oxidation than commercial TiO2 (Degussa P-25) under UV-light. Curiously, these prepared TiO2 nanoparticles are more active with the 365 nm source than with the 257.7 nm UV-light, which is a remarkable advantage from an application point of view. Additionally, the obtained results are particularly good when acetic acid is the hydrolyzing agent at both wavelengths used, possibly due to the high crystallinity, low anatase phase size and high surface oxygen groups’ content in the nanoparticles prepared with it, in comparison to those prepared using isopropanol.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Crystalline TiO2 nanoparticles can be obtained by sol–gel at low temperature. ► The hydrolyzing agent and thermal treatment have an important effect. ► These samples have been used for gas phase propene oxidation at low concentration. ► Prepared nanoparticles posses higher photocatalytic activity than Degussa P-25. ► These samples are very active, especially with the 365 nm light source.

Keywords
Titanium dioxide; Sol–gel method; Photocatalyst; Propene
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Photocatalytic oxidation of propene in gas phase at low concentration by optimized TiO2 nanoparticles
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 134–135, 2 May 2013, Pages 333–343
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us